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* {{chú thích web |url=http://www.vmars.tuwien.ac.at/courses/akti12/journal/04ss/article_04ss_Roch.pdf |title=Monolithic kernel vs. Microkernel |accessdate=2006-10-12 |last=Roch |first=Benjamin |year=2004 |format=pdf }}
 
* {{chú thích sách |last=Silberschatz |first=Abraham |authorlink=Abraham Silberschatz |coauthors=James L. Peterson, Peter B. Galvin |title=Operating system concepts |url=http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=95329&dl=acm&coll=&CFID=15151515&CFTOKEN=6184618 |year=1991 |publisher=Addison-Wesley |location=[[Boston|Boston, Massachusetts]] |isbn=0-201-51379-X |pages=696}}
 
* {{chú thích sách |last=Hansen |first=Per Brinch |authorlink=Per Brinch Hansen |title=Operating System Principles |origyear=1973 |url=http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=540365 |publisher=Prentice Hall |location=[[Englewood Cliffs]] |language= |isbn=0-13-637843-9 |pages=496}}
* Houdek, M. E., Soltis, F. G., and Hoffman, R. L. 1981. ''[http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=800052.801885 IBM System/38 support for capability-based addressing]''. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM International Symposium on Computer Architecture. ACM/IEEE, pp. 341–348.
 
* [[Intel|Intel Corporation]] (2002) ''[http://www.intel.com/design/pentium4/manuals/24547010.pdf The IA-32 Architecture Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 1: Basic Architecture]''
 
* {{chú thích tạp chí |last=Levin |first=R. |coauthors=E. Cohen, W. Corwin, F. Pollack, [[William Wulf]] |year=1975 |title=Policy/mechanism separation in Hydra |journal=ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles / Proceedings of the fifth ACM symposium on Operating systems principles |pages=132–140 |url=http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=806531&dl=ACM&coll=&CFID=15151515&CFTOKEN=6184618 }}
* {{chú thích tạp chí |last=Linden |first=Theodore A. |title=Operating System Structures to Support Security and Reliable Software | journal = ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) | pages=409–445 | volume =8 | issue = 4 | year=1976| month = December |id=ISSN 0360-0300 | url = http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=356682&coll=&dl=ACM&CFID=15151515&CFTOKEN=6184618 |doi=10.1145/356678.356682 }} [http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/history/lind76.pdf]
 
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* {{chú thích tạp chí |last=Schroeder |first=Michael D. |authorlink=Michael Schroeder |coauthors=Jerome H. Saltzer |year=1972 |month=March |title=A hardware architecture for implementing protection rings |journal=Communications of the ACM |volume=15 |issue=3 |pages=157–170 |id=ISSN 0001-0782 |url=http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=361275&dl=ACM&coll=&CFID=15151515&CFTOKEN=6184618 |doi=10.1145/361268.361275 }}
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