===Thời niên thiếu===
[[File:DH Lawrence 1906.jpg|thumb|right|D. H. Lawrence năm 21 tuổi (1906)]]
The fourth child of Arthur John Lawrence, a barely literate miner, and Lydia ( née Beardsall), a former [[pupil teacher]] who, owing to her family's financial difficulties, had to do manual work in a lace factory,<ref>[http://www.lawrenceseastwood.co.uk DH Lawrence - The life and death of author, David Herbert Lawrence]</ref> Lawrence spent his formative years in the coal mining town of [[Eastwood, Nottinghamshire|Eastwood]], Nottinghamshire. The house in which he was born, in Eastwood, 8a Victoria Street, is now the [[D.H. Lawrence Birthplace Museum]].<ref>[http://www.broxtowe.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=2196 Broxtowe Borough Council: D. H. Lawrence Heritage<!-- bot-generated title -->] at www.broxtowe.gov.uk</ref> His working-class background and the tensions between his parents provided the raw material for a number of his early works. Lawrence would return to this locality and often wrote about nearby Underwood, calling it; " the country of my heart,"<ref>Letter to [[Rolf Gardiner]], 3 December 1926.</ref> as a setting for much of his fiction.
The young Lawrence attended Beauvale Board School (now renamed Greasley Beauvale D. H. Lawrence [[Primary School]] in his honour) from 1891 until 1898, becoming the first local pupil to win a [[County Council]] scholarship to [[Nottingham High School]] in nearby Nottingham. He left in 1901, working for three months as a junior clerk at Haywood's surgical appliances factory, but a severe bout of pneumonia ended this career. During his convalescence he often visited Hagg's Farm, the home of the Chambers family, and began a friendship with Jessie Chambers. An important aspect of this relationship with Chambers and other adolescent acquaintances was a shared love of books, an interest that lasted throughout Lawrence's life. In the years 1902 to 1906 Lawrence served as a [[pupil teacher]] at the British School, Eastwood. He went on to become a full-time student and received a [[Qualified Teacher Status|teaching certificate]] from [[University of Nottingham|University College, Nottingham]], in 1908. During these early years he was working on his first poems, some short stories, and a draft of a novel, ''Laetitia'', which was eventually to become ''[[The White Peacock]].'' At the end of 1907 he won a short story competition in the ''Nottingham Guardian'', the first time that he had gained any wider recognition for his literary talents.