Khác biệt giữa bản sửa đổi của “Nhiệt độ và áp suất tiêu chuẩn”

n
AlphamaEditor, General Fixes
n (clean up, replaced: ! → ! (2) using AWB)
n (AlphamaEditor, General Fixes)
'''Nhiệt độ và áp suất tiêu chuẩn''' hay '''STP''' (viết tắt của ''Standard temperature and pressure'' trong [[tiếng Anh]]) là các điều kiện vật lý tiêu chuẩn để thực hiện các đo lường trong thí nghiệm, cho phép so sánh giữa các bộ kết quả thí nghiệm. Trên thế giới, STP hiện do [[IUPAC]] (Liên minh quốc tế về hóa học thuần túy và ứng dụng) định nghĩa là giá trị quy ước có trị số [[nhiệt độ]] 273,15 độ [[Kelvin|K]] (0 [[độ Celsius|độ C]]) và [[áp suất]] là 100 [[pascal (định hướng)|kPa]] (1 [[bar (đơn vị đo)|bar]]).<ref name=IUPAC>"Compendium of Terminology", 2nd Edition, 1997, IUPAC Secretariat, Research Triangle Park, P.O. Box 13757, NC, USA (pre-1997 and post-1997 definitions)&nbsp; [http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/S05910.pdf IUPAC Compendium]</ref>
 
Nhiệt độ và áp suất tiêu chuẩn cũng thường được gọi là '''điều kiện tiêu chuẩn''' ('''dktc'''). Điều kiện tiêu chuẩn còn có thể bao hàm cả [[độ ẩm tương đối]] tiêu chuẩn.
!°C!!kPa!!%
|-
|align="center"|0||align="center"|100,000||&nbsp; ||IUPAC (sau-1997) <ref name=IUPAC/>
|-
|align="center"|0||align="center"|101,325||&nbsp; ||IUPAC (trước-1997) <ref name=IUPAC/>, NIST <ref name=NISTDataBase7>"NIST Standard Reference Data Base 7 Users Guide", December 1969, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA &nbsp; [http://www.nist.gov/srd/webguide/nist7/07_2.htm NIST Data Base 7]</ref>, ISO 10780<ref name=ISO10780>"Stationary source emissions – Measurement of velocity and volume flow rate of gas streams in ducts", ISO 10780, [[ISO|International Organization for Standardization]], Geneva, Switzerland &nbsp; [http://www.iso.org/iso/en/ISOOnline.frontpage ISO]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|15||align="center"|101,325||align="center"|0 <sup>[4]</sup>, <sup>[5]</sup>||ISA <ref name=Handbook>"Handbook of Physics and Chemistry", 56th Edition, pp.F201-F206, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA</ref>, ISO 13443<ref name=ISO13443>"Natural gas – Standard reference conditions", ISO 13443, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland &nbsp; [http://www.iso.org/iso/en/ISOOnline.frontpage ISO]</ref>, EEA <ref name=EEA>"Extraction, First Treatment and Loading of Liquid & Gaseous Fossil Fuels", Emission Inventory Guidebook B521, Activities 050201 - 050303, September 1999, European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark &nbsp; [http://reports.eea.eu.int/EMEPCORINAIR3/en/B521vs3.1.pdf Emission Inventory Guidebook]
</ref>, EGIA <ref name=EGIA>"Electricity and Gas Inspection Act", SOR/86-131 (defines a set of standard conditions for Imperial units and a different set for metric units) &nbsp; [http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/E-4/SOR-86-131/95708.html Canadian Laws]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|20||align="center"|101,325||&nbsp; ||EPA <ref name=NSPS>"Standards of Performance for New Sources", 40 CFR--Protection of the Environment, Chapter I, Part 60, Section 60.2, 1990 &nbsp; [http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/08aug20051500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2005/julqtr/pdf/40cfr60.2.pdf New Source Performance Standards]</ref>, NIST <ref name=NISTJournal>"Design and Uncertainty for a PVTt Gas Flow Standard", Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Vol.108, Number 1, 2003 &nbsp; [http://www.cstl.nist.gov/div836/836.01/PDFs/2003/j80wri.pdf NIST Journal]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|25||align="center"|101,325||&nbsp; ||EPA <ref name=NAAQS>"National Primary and Secondary Ambient Air Quality Standards", 40 CFR--Protection of the Environment, Chapter I, Part 50, Section 50.3, 1998 &nbsp; [http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/08aug20051500/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2005/julqtr/pdf/40cfr50.3.pdf National Ambient Air Standards]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|25||align="center"|100,000||&nbsp; ||SATP <ref name=NBS>"Table of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties", National Bureau of Standards (NBS), Journal of Physics and Chemical Reference Data, 1982, Vol. 11, Supplement 2.</ref>
|-
|align="center"|20||align="center"|100,000||align="center"|0||CAGI <ref name=CAGI>"Glossary", 2002, Compressed Air and Gas Institute, Cleveland, OH, USA &nbsp; [http://www.cagi.org/toolbox/glossary.asp Glossary]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|15||align="center"|100,000||&nbsp; ||SPE <ref name=SPE>"The SI Metric System of Units and SPE Metric Standard (Notes for Table 2.3 on page 25)", June 1982, Richardson, TX, USA (defines standard cubic foot and standard cubic meter) &nbsp; [http://www.spe.org/specma/binary/files/1004742metric_std.pdf SPE]</ref>
|-
!°F!!psia!! %
|-
|align="center"|60||align="center"|14,696||&nbsp; ||SPE <ref name=SPE/>, OSHA <ref name=OSHA>"Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases" and "Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia", 29 CFR--Labor, Chapter XVII--Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Part 1910, Sect. 1910.110 and 1910.111, 1993 &nbsp; [http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=f169acd0f57a17565c9984fa0f57d285&rgn=div8&view=text&node=29:5.1.1.1.8.8.33.10&idno=29 Storage/Handling of LPG]</ref>, SCAQMD <ref name=SCAQMD>"Rule 102, Definition of Terms (Standard Conditions)", Amended December 2004, South Coast Air Quality Management District, Los Angeles, California, USA &nbsp; [http://www.aqmd.gov/rules/reg/reg01/r102.pdf SCAQMD Rule 102]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|60||align="center"|14,73||&nbsp; ||EGIA <ref name=EGIA/>, OPEC <ref name=OPEC>"Annual Statistical Bulletin", 2004, Editor-in-chief: Dr. Omar Ibrahim, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna, Austria &nbsp; [http://www.opec.org/library/Annual%20Statistical%20Bulletin/pdf/ASB2004.pdf OPEC Statistical Bulletin]</ref>, EIA <ref name=EIA>"Natural Gas Annual 2004", DOE/EIA-0131(04), December 2005, U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Washington, D.C., USA &nbsp; [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/FTPROOT/natgas/013104.pdf Natural Gas Annual 2004]</ref>
|-
|align="center"|59||align="center"|14,696||align="center"|60||ISO 2314, ISO 3977-2<ref name=ISO3977-2>"Gas turbines – Procurement – Part 2: Standard reference conditions and ratings", ISO 3977-2:1997 and "Gas turbines - Acceptance tests", ISO 2314:1989, Edition 2, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland [http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/ISOstore/store.html ISO]</ref>
[[Thể loại:Kỹ thuật nhiệt động lực học]]
[[Thể loại:Nhiệt động lực học]]
[[Thể loại:Hóa lý]]