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Sal is one of the most important sources of [[hardwood]] timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in colour when freshly cut, but becomes dark brown with exposure. The wood is resinous and durable, and is sought-after for construction, although not well suited to planing and polishing. The wood is specially suitable for constructing frames for doors and windows.
The dry leaves of sal are a major source for the production of leaf plates and leaf bowls in northern and eastern India. The leaves are also used fresh to serve ready made ''[[paan]]'' (betelnut preparations) and small snacks such as boiled [[black gram|black ''grams'']], ''[[gol gappa]]'', etc.
Sal tree resin, ''ṛla'' in Sanskrit, is used as an [[astringent]] in [[Ayurvedic]] medicine.<ref>[http://chestofbooks.com/health/materia-medica-drugs/Hindus-Materia.../Nat-Order-Dipterocarpeae-Shorea-Robusta-Sans.html Sala, Asvakarna]</ref> It is also burned as [[incense]] in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.