Khác biệt giữa các bản “Viện Hàn lâm Nghệ thuật Điện ảnh và Truyền hình Anh Quốc”

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|năm = 2008
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{{otheruses|BAFTA (định hướng)}}
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BAFTA là từ viết tắt của '''The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA)''' - Viện Hàn lâm Nghệ thuật Điện ảnh và Truyền hình Anh quốc. Đây là tổ chức uy tín nhất ở Anh tổ chức trao giải thưởng cho phim, truyền hình, television craft, video game và các thể loại hoạt hình. Giải này được xem như "tiền Oscar" và trên thực tế luôn là căn cứ quan trọng cho việc chấm và trao giải Oscar hàng năm.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/1190562.stm BBC News | ENTERTAINMENT | Baftas fuel Oscars race<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref><ref>[http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0764269.html British Academy of Film and Television Awards — Infoplease.com<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref><ref>http://news.sky.com/skynews/article/0,,91248-1304856,00.html</ref>, and the ''[[British Academy Film Awards]]'' Giải thường được biết đến với tên gọi tắt là Giải thưởng Hàn lâm Anh quốc - ''British Academy Awards''.
 
==Giới thiệu==
BAFTA was founded in 1947 as '''The British Film Academy''', by [[David Lean]], [[Alexander Korda]], [[Carol Reed]], [[Charles Laughton]], [[Roger Manvell]] and others. In 1958, the Academy merged with '''The Guild of Television Producers and Directors''' to form '''The Society of Film and Television''', which eventually became The British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 1976.
 
BAFTA's stated charitable remit is to "support, develop and promote the art forms of the moving image, by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners and benefiting the public". In addition to high profile awards ceremonies BAFTA runs a year-round programme of educational events including film screenings and tribute evenings. BAFTA is supported by a membership of around 6000 people from the film, television and video game industries. BAFTA's main office is on [[Piccadilly]] in [[London]], but it also has branches in [[Scotland]] (BAFTA Scotland), [[Wales]] (BAFTA Cymru), [[New York City]] (BAFTA East Coast) and [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles]] (BAFTA/LA).
 
The Academy's awards are in the form of a theatrical mask designed by American sculptor [[Mitzi Cunliffe]], which was commissioned by the Guild of Television Producers in 1955. Since 1989, the Los Angeles branch, '''BAFTA/LA''', holds its own awards ceremony each year, called the ''Britannia Awards''.
 
In November 2007 a special tribute programme was shown on [[ITV]] in the [[United Kingdom|UK]] celebrating 60 years of the organisation called Happy Birthday BAFTA.
 
==Awards presented in London==
===British Academy Film Awards===
{{main|British Academy Film Awards}}
<!-- This section is linked from [[Blade Runner]] -->
[[Image:ORANGE_BAFTA_FILM_AWARDS.jpg‎‎|thumb|right|Orange British Academy Film Awards Logo]]
BAFTA's main film awards ceremony is known as the '''[[:Category:BAFTA Awards|British Academy Film Awards]]''', in 2008 coming from the [[Royal Opera House]], having taken place since 2000 in the flagship [[Odeon Leicester Square|Odeon]] cinema on Leicester Square. The ceremony used to take place in April or May, but from 2002 onwards it takes place in February in order to precede the [[Academy Awards|Oscars]]. The awards are mostly open to all nationalities, though there is an award for Best British Film and Best Newcomer.
 
====Rising Star Award====
{{main|Rising Star Award, BAFTA}}
This award is given on the same day as the BAFTA Film Awards. This award is to acknowledge new talents in the acting industry whether for film, television or both. The nominees are chosen by BAFTA juries regardless of the nominee's gender and nationality. The winner, however is chosen by the public. This award is to dedicate [[Mary Selway]] who was a renowned [[casting director]] and helped many new actors and actresses to fame and recognition.
 
===British Academy Television Awards===
{{main|British Academy Television Awards}}
 
The '''British Academy Television Awards''' usually take place in April or May, with craft awards having a separate ceremony slightly later in the year.
 
The Awards are also often referred to simply as "the BAFTAs" or, to differentiate them from the film awards, sometimes as the "BAFTA Television Awards". They have been awarded annually since 1954. The first ever Awards consisted of six categories. Until 1958, they were awarded by the [[Guild of Television Producers and Directors]]. From 1958 onwards, after the Guild had merged with the British Film Academy, the organisation was known as the Society of Film and Television Arts. In 1976, this became the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, the name the organisation goes under still as of 2007.
 
[[Image:BAFTA_TV_AWARDS_RGB_POS_SML.jpg‎|thumb|left|British Academy Television Awards Logo]]
From 1968 until 1997, the BAFTA Film and Television awards were presented in one joint ceremony known simply as the BAFTA Awards, but in order to streamline the ceremonies from 1998 onwards they were split in two. The Television Awards are usually presented in April, with a separate ceremony for the Television Craft Awards on a different date. The Craft Awards are presented for more technical areas of the industry, such as special effects, production design, or costumes.
 
The Awards are only open to British programmes &mdash; with the exception of the audience-voted Pioneer Award &mdash; but any [[cable television|cable]], [[satellite television|satellite]], [[analogue television|terrestrial]] or [[digital television]] stations broadcasting in the UK are eligible to submit entries, as are independent production companies who have produced programming for the channels. Individual performances, such as from actors, can either be entered by the performers themselves or by the broadcasters. The programmes being entered must have been broadcast on or between 1 January and 31 December of the year preceding the Awards ceremony (so, between 1 January and 31 December 2004 for the 2005 Awards).
 
==== Baftagate ====
The 1991 awards were controversial when ''[[Prime Suspect]]'' beat ''[[G.B.H. (TV series)|G.B.H.]]'' to win the Best Drama Serial award. In what became known as '''"Baftagate"''',<ref>[http://news.scotsman.com/scottishfilm/And-the-award-wont-go.2824284.jp And the award won't go to... how Bafta lost its worst 'best' actress], [[The Scotsman]], 5 November, 2006</ref> four of the jurors publicly declared that they had voted for ''G.B.H. ''and demanded to see the votes, but these had been destroyed.<ref>{{cite news|title=Confusion becomes the Bafta prime suspect|first=Melinda|last=Witstock|publisher=[[The Times]]|date=1992-04-08|page=1}}</ref>
 
===British Academy Television Craft Awards===
In 2000, the craft awards (for editing, music, photography, etc.) were separated from the BAFTA television awards. The craft awards now include several categories associated with interactive media. As of 2007, the awards included:
[[Image:Bafta Craft.JPG|right|thumb|250px|The British Academy Television Craft Awards Logo]]
{|
|- valign=top
|
*Breakthrough Talent
*Costume Design
*Director - Factual
*Director - Fictional/Entertainment
*Editing - Factual
*Editing - Fictional/Entertainment
*Interactive Creative Contribution
*Interactive Innovation - Content
*Interactive Innovation - Service/Platform
*Makeup and Hair Design
|
*Original Television Music
*Photography & Lighting - Fictional/Entertainment
*Photography - Factual
*Production Design
*Sound - Factual
*Sound - Fictional/Entertainment
*Titles
*Visual Effects
*Writer
|}
 
===British Academy Children's Awards===
[[Image:BAFTA_CHILDRENS_EA2008_RGB.jpg|thumb|right|British Academy Children's Awards Logo]]
The British Academy Children's Awards are presented annually in November to reward excellence in the art forms of the moving image aimed at children.
 
The Academy has a long history of recognising and rewarding Children's programming presenting two awards at the 1969 ceremony - The Flame of Knowledge Award for Schools Programmes and the Harlequin Award for Children's Programmes.
 
This year's awards ceremony includes 19 categories across film, television, video games and online content. Award ceremony will take place on 30 November 2008.
[http://http://www.bafta.org/awards/childrens/nominations-childrens-awards-in-2008,593,BA.html BAFTA Children's Awards 2008 nominees]
 
Since 2007 the Children's Awards have included a Kids Vote Award voted for by children under 14 and a CBBC me and my movie award, a children's film-making initiative to inspire and enable children to make their own films and tell their own stories. [http://www.baftakidsvote.org/ See and vote for Kids Vote Awards 2008 nominees]
 
===British Academy Video Games Awards===
[[Image:BAFTA_VIDEO_GAMES_AWARDS.jpg|right|thumb|British Academy Video Games Awards]]
BAFTA first recognised video games and other interactive media at its inaugural [[BAFTA Interactive Entertainment Awards|Interactive Entertainment Awards]] ceremony in 1998, ushering in the first change to its rules since the admittance of television thirty years earlier. Among the first winning games were ''[[GoldenEye 007]]'', ''[[Gran Turismo]]'' and interactive comedy ''[[MindGym]]'', sharing the spotlight with the ''[[BBC News Online]]'' website which won the news category four years running.
 
The event was split into the ''[[British Academy Video Games Awards|BAFTA Video Games Awards]]'' and the ''[[BAFTA Interactive Awards]]'' in 2003,<ref>''[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/3253818.stm Multimedia's best in Bafta battle]'' - BBC News announces BAFTA Interactive Entertainment Award split; 1st December 2003.</ref> and while high profile winners like ''[[Halo 2]]'' and ''[[Half-Life 2]]'' made huge headlines, the interactive division was discontinued and disappeared from BAFTA's publicity material after only two ceremonies.
 
In 2006 BAFTA announced their decision "to give video games equal status with film and television",<ref>''[http://www.bafta.org/site/webdav/shared/import/press_releases/games_080306.pdf Video Games Awards become BAFTA's 'third arm']'' - BAFTA official press release (pdf).</ref> and ensured that the ceremony held at London's [[Camden Roundhouse]] on October 5th was televised for the first time.<ref>''[http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=20070 BAFTA Announces E4 / Channel 4 Coverage For The British Academy Video Games Awards]'' - Games Industry Magazine.</ref>
 
[[The Movies]] won the ''Best Video Game Simulation Award'' in 2006.
 
==Awards presented in Los Angeles==
===Britannia Awards===
[[Image:Bafta LA.JPG|right|thumb|Britannia Awards Logo]]
The BAFTA/LA awards ceremony, the '''Britannia Awards''', started in 1989 and happens in October/November each year. There are no awards given to films or TV programmes, only to individuals.
 
During the first ten years only one award was given at each event, called the "Britannia Award for Excellence in Film", but since 1999 the number of awards have grown, and in 2005 they were four: "The Stanley Kubrick Britannia Award for Excellence in Film" (the original award was renamed in 2000 to honour [[Stanley Kubrick]]), "The John Schlesinger Britannia Award for Artistic Excellence in Directing" (added in 2003 in honour of [[John Schlesinger]]), "The Britannia Award for Artistic Excellence in International Entertainment", and "The Cunard Britannia Award for Lifetime Contributions to International Film". With the exception of the Stanley Kubrick and John Schlesinger awards, which are always given, both the number of awards and their titles may vary from year to year.
 
The 2007 recipients were:
*[[Denzel Washington]] - (''Stanley Kubrick Britannia Awards for Excellence in Film'')
*[[Martin Campbell]] - (''The John Schlesinger Britannia Award for Artistic Excellence in Directing'')
*[[Kate Winslet]] - (''The Britannia Award for British Artist of the Year'')
*New Line Cinema's [[Bob Shaye]] & [[Michael Lynne]] - (''Cunard Britannia Award for Lifetime Contributions to International Film'')
*[[Richard Curtis]] - (''The BAFTA/LA Humanitarian Award presented by Volvo'')
 
The 2006 recipients were:
*Sir [[Sidney Poitier]] - (''the Cunard Britannia Award for Lifetime Contributions to International Film'')
*[[Rachel Weisz]] - (''The Britannia Award for Artist of the Year'')
*[[Anthony Minghella]] - (''The John Schlesinger Britannia Award for Artistic Excellence in Directing'')
 
Previous recipients of the Britannia Awards have included [[Tom Cruise]], [[Elizabeth Taylor]], [[Mike Newell (director)|Mike Newell]], [[Ronald Neame]], [[Albert Broccoli]], [[Michael Caine]], [[Peter Ustinov]], [[Martin Scorsese]], [[Anthony Hopkins]], [[Dustin Hoffman]], [[John Travolta]], [[Stanley Kubrick]], [[Steven Spielberg]], [[George Lucas]], [[Hugh Grant]], [[Peter Weir]], [[Tom Hanks]], [[Angela Lansbury]] and [[Helen Mirren]].
 
==Awards presented in Scotland and Wales==
===BAFTA Scotland===
[[BAFTA Scotland]] is the national organisation for [[Scotland]] of the [[British Academy of Film and Television Arts]] mainly funded by the main Scottish broadcasters. Formed in 1997, they hold an annual awards ceremony to recognise achievement by performers and production staff in Scottish film and television. These are separate from the UK-wide British Academy Television Awards and British Academy Film Awards, although films and programmes recognised by BAFTA Scotland can also sometimes feature at BAFTA's UK awards.
 
From 1998 to 2002, BAFTA Scotland held an award ceremony focusing on new talent; the organisation resumed giving annual awards in 2005.
 
===BAFTA Cymru===
[[BAFTA Cymru]] is the national organisation for [[Wales]] of the [[British Academy of Film and Television Arts]]. Formed in 1991, they hold an annual awards ceremony to recognise achievement by performers and production staff in Welsh-made films and television programmes. These are separate from the UK-wide British Academy Television Awards and British Academy Film Awards, although films and programmes recognised by BAFTA Cymru may also feature at BAFTA's national awards.
 
==Notes==
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