Khác biệt giữa các bản “Urartu”

(Tạo với bản dịch của trang “Urartu”)
 
{{Infobox former country
|native_name = Biainili<ref>Paul Zimansky, "Urartian material culture as state assemblage," ''Bulletin of the American Association of Oriental Research'' 299 (1995), 105.</ref>
|conventional_long_name = Kingdom of Urartu
'''Ուրարտու'''
 
'''Արարատյան Թագավորություն'''
|common_name = Urartu
|
|continent = Asia
|region = Armenian Highlands
|country =
|era = Iron Age, Prehistoric
|government_type = Monarchy
|year_start = 860&nbsp;BC
|year_end = 590&nbsp;BC
|image_map = 13-Urartu-9-6mta.gif
|image_map_caption = Urartu, 9th–6th centuries BC.
|s1 = Median Empire
|flag_s1 = Median Empire.svg
|s2 = Satrapy of Armenia
|flag_s2 = Yervanduni Armenia, IV-II BC.gif
|
|capital = [[Arzashkun]]<br/>[[Tushpa]] (after 832&nbsp;BC)
|common_languages = [[Urartian language|Urartian]]<br/>[[Hurrian language|Hurrian]]<br/>[[Proto-Armenian language|proto-Armenian]]<ref name="Diakonoff 1992 51–54">{{cite journal|last=Diakonoff|first=Igor M|title=First Evidence of the Proto-Armenian Language in Eastern Anatolia|journal=Annual of Armenian Linguistics|year=1992|volume=13|pages=51–54|issn=0271-9800}}</ref>
|religion = [[religions of the Ancient Near East|Polytheism]]
|currency =
|
|leader1 = [[Aramu]]
|leader2 = [[Sarduri I]]
|leader3 = [[Ishpuini]]
|leader4 = [[Menua]]
|leader5 = [[Argishti I]]
|leader6 = [[Sarduri II]]
|year_leader1 = 858-844
|year_leader2 = 844-828
|year_leader3 = 828-810
|year_leader4 = 810-785
|year_leader5 = 785-753
|year_leader6 = 753-735
|today = {{flag|Armenia}}<br />{{flag|Iran}}<br />{{flag|Turkey}}
}}
'''Urartu''' ({{Bản mẫu:Lang-hy|Ուրարտու}} - ''Urartu'', Assyrian: ''{{Bản mẫu:Lang|akk|māt Urarṭu}}'';<ref>Eberhard Schrader, ''The Cuneiform inscriptions and the Old Testament'' (1885), p. 65.</ref> [[Tiếng Akkad|Babylonian]]: ''Urashtu''), theo cuốn '''Kingdom of Ararat''' ({{Bản mẫu:Lang-hy|Արարատյան Թագավորություն}}) or '''Kingdom of Van''' ({{Bản mẫu:Lang-hy|Վանի Թագավորություն}}, Urartian: ''{{Bản mẫu:Lang|xur|Biai, Biainili}}''<ref name="Hewsen-2000"><cite class="citation" id="CITEREFHewsen2000">Hewsen, Robert H. (2000), "'Van in This World; Paradise in the Next': The Historical Geography of Van/Vaspurakan", in Hovannisian, Richard G., ''&nbsp;Armenian Van/Vaspurakan&nbsp;'', Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces&nbsp;, Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publishers&nbsp;, p.&nbsp;p. 13, [[Online Computer Library Center|OCLC]]&nbsp;[//www.worldcat.org/oclc/44774992 44774992]</cite><cite class="citation" id="CITEREFHewsen2000"></cite><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AUrartu&rft.atitle=%27Van+in+This+World%3B+Paradise+in+the+Next%27%3A+The+Historical+Geography+of+Van%2FVaspurakan&rft.aufirst=Robert+H.&rft.aulast=Hewsen&rft.btitle=+Armenian+Van%2FVaspurakan+&rft.date=2000&rft.genre=bookitem&rft_id=info%3Aoclcnum%2F44774992&rft.pages=p.+13&rft.place=Costa+Mesa%2C+California&rft.pub=Mazda+Publishers+&rft.series=Historic+Armenian+Cities+and+Provinces+&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook">&nbsp;</span> CS1 maint: Extra text ([[:Thể loại:Bảo trì CS1: Văn bản dư|link]])<span> </span></ref>) là một vương quốc [[thời đại đồ sắt]] tập trung quanh [[hồ Van]] ở [[sơn nguyên Armenia]].