Khác biệt giữa các bản “Rosario Castellanos”

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(Trang mới: “{{Infobox writer | name = Rosario Castellanos | image = Rosario_Castellanos.jpg | imagesize = | caption = | birth_date = 25 May 1925 | birth_place = Mexico Ci…”)
 
| imagesize =
| caption =
| birth_date = 25 Maytháng 5 năm 1925
| birth_place = [[Mexico City]], Mexico
| death_date = {{death date and age|df=yes|1974|8|7|1925|5|25}}
| death_place = [[Tel Aviv]], Israel
| occupation = PoetNhà andthơ authorvà nhà văn
| nationality = MexicanMexico
| language = Spanishtiếng Tây Ban Nha
| education = NationalĐại Autonomoushọc UniversityTự ofchủ Quốc gia Mexico
| spouse =
| movement = [[GenerationThế ofhệ năm 1950]]
| children =
| relations =
}}
 
'''Rosario Castellanos Figueroa''' ({{IPA-es|roˈsaɾjo kasteˈʝanos}}; 25 Maytháng 5 năm 1925 – 7 Augusttháng 8 năm 1974) was amột nhà thơ và nhà văn người [[Mexico|Mexican]] poet and author. AlongCùng withvới thecác othernhà membersthơ ofkhác thethuộc [[Generationthế ofhệ năm 1950]] (thecác poetsnhà whothơ wroteviết followingsau theThế Secondchiến Worldthứ War2, influencedảnh byhưởng bởi [[César Vallejo]]<nowiki/>avànmột andsố others),người shekhác wasshcô one ofmột Mexico'strong mostnhững importanttiếng literarynói voicesvăn inchương thequan lasttrọng century.nhất Throughoutcủa her life, she wrote eloquently about issues of cultural and gender oppression, and her work has influenced feminist theory and [[cultural studies]]. Though she died young, she opened the door of [[Mexican literature]] to women, and left a legacyMexico thatvào stillthế resonateskỷ todaytrước.
 
==Life Cuộc đời ==
Born in [[Mexico City]], she was raised in [[Comitán]] near her family's ranch in the southern [[mexican state|state]] of [[Chiapas]]. She was an introverted young girl, who took notice of the plight of the indigenous [[Maya peoples|Maya]] who worked for her family. According to her own account, she felt estranged from her family after a [[Fortune-telling|soothsayer]] predicted that one of her mother's two children would die shortly, and her mother screamed out, "Not the boy!"
 
==Công việc và ảnh hưởng==
The family's fortunes changed suddenly when [[President of Mexico|President]] [[Lázaro Cárdenas del Río|Lázaro Cárdenas]] enacted a [[land reform]] and peasant emancipation policy that stripped the family of much of its land holdings. At fifteen, Castellanos and her parents moved to [[Mexico City]]. One year later, her parents were dead and she was left to fend for herself.
[[File:RosarioCastellanostombDoloresDF.JPG|thumb|TombstoneMộ ofcủa Rosario Castellanos]]
 
==Một số tác phẩm==
Although she remained introverted, she joined a group of Mexican and Central American intellectuals, read extensively, and began to write. She studied philosophy and literature at UNAM (the [[National Autonomous University of Mexico]]), where she would later teach, and joined the [[National Indigenous Institute]], writing scripts for [[puppet]] shows that were staged in impoverished regions to promote [[literacy]]. Ironically, the Institute had been founded by President Cárdenas, who had taken away her family's land. She also wrote a weekly column for the newspaper ''[[Excélsior]]''.
 
In addition to her literary work, Castellanos held several government posts. In recognition for her contribution to Mexican literature, Castellanos was appointed ambassador to [[Israel]] in 1971.
 
On 7 August 1974, Castellanos died in [[Tel Aviv]] from an unfortunate electrical accident. Some have speculated that the accident was in fact suicide. Mexican writer Martha Cerda, for example, wrote to journalist Lucina Kathmann, "I believe she committed suicide, though she already felt she was dead for some time.".<ref>[http://www.cordite.org.au/archives/000459.html Cordite Poetry Review Archives<!-- bot-generated title -->] at www.cordite.org.au</ref> There is no evidence to support such a claim, however.
 
==Work and influences==
[[File:RosarioCastellanostombDoloresDF.JPG|thumb|Tombstone of Rosario Castellanos]]
Throughout her career, Castellanos wrote poetry, essays, one major play, and three novels: the semi-autobiographical ''Balún Canán'' and ''Oficio de tinieblas'' (translated into English as ''[[The Book of Lamentations (novel)|The Book of Lamentations]]'') depicting a [[Tzotzil people|Tzotzil]] indigenous uprising in Chiapas based on one that had occurred in the 19th century. Despite being a [[ladino people|ladino]] – of mestizo, not [[Native American (Americas)|indigenous]] descent – Castellanos shows considerable concern and understanding for the plight of indigenous peoples. "Cartas a Ricardo," a collection of her letters to her husband Ricardo Guerra was published after her death as was her third novel, ''Rito de iniciación''. Rosario Castellanos said of her letters in ''Cartas a Ricardo'' that she considered them to be her autobiography. ''Rito de iniciación'' is in the bildungsroman tradition about a young woman who discovers her vocation of a writer.
 
Castellanos admired writers such as Gabriela Mistral, Emily Dickinson, Simone de Beauvoir, Virginia Woolf, and Simone Weil.<ref>{{Cite book|title=The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History|last=|first=|publisher=|year=|isbn=|location=|pages=}}</ref> Castellanos' poem, "Valium 10," is in the confessional mode, and is a great feminist poem comparable to Sylvia Plath's "Daddy."
 
A park in Mexico City, located in the borough (''Delegación'') [[Cuajimalpa|Cuajimalpa de Morelos]] is named after her.
 
==Selected bibliography==
*''Balún-Canán'' Fondo de Cultura Economica, 1957; 2007, ISBN 9789681683030
*''Poemas (1953–1955)'', Colección Metáfora, 1957
*{{cite book|title=Sobre cultura femenina|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=K9J5O78IHwgC|year=2005|publisher=Fondo de Cultura Económica|isbn=978-968-16-7465-6}}
 
== Các bản dịch tiếng Anh ==
== English translations ==
*''The Nine Guardians: a Novel'', Readers International, 1992, ISBN 9780930523909, Translator Irene Nicholson
*{{cite book|title=The Book of Lamentations|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=MZDqVuBTgy0C|year=1998|publisher=Penguin Books|isbn=978-0-14-118003-8|others=Translator Esther Allen}} (''Oficio de tinieblas'')
* http://www.revistatemporales.com/2014/03/18/rosario-castellanos-cartas-ricardo/
 
==ReferencesChú thích==
{{reflist}}
 
==AdditionalThư readingmục==
*Ahern, Maureen. Rosario Castellanos. ''Latin American Writers''. 3 vols. Ed. Solé/Abreu. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1989, III: 1295–1302.
*___. "Rosario Castellanos". ''Spanish American Woman Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Source Book''. Ed. Diane E. Marting. Westport/London: Greenwood Press, 1990: 140–155.
*Ward, Thomas. ''La resistencia cultural: la nación en el ensayo de las Américas''. Lima: Universidad Ricardo Palma, 2004: 269–275.
 
==Liên kết ngoài==
==External links==
*Rosario Castellanos readingđọc somemột ofsố herthơ poetrycủa mình: [http://www.palabravirtual.com/index.php?ir=crit.php&wid=14&show=poemas&p=Rosario+Castellanos Rosario Castellanos<!-- bot-generated title -->] attại www.palabravirtual.com
*MusicalPhiên versionsbản ofâm nhạc của thơ Rosario Castellanos' poetry: [http://www.alisaamor.com/alisaamor4/Rosario.html]
*Công viên Rosario Castellanos park[.[http://wikimapia.org/1582534/es/Parque-Rosario-Castellanos]]
 
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