Khác biệt giữa các bản “Humberto Fernández Morán”

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(Trang mới: “{{spanish name 2|Fernández-Morán|Villalobos}} {{Infobox scientist |name = Humberto Fernández-Morán Villalobos |image = FernadezMoran.jpg |image_size = 225px |…”)
 
|image = FernadezMoran.jpg
|image_size = 225px
|caption = Fernández-Morán Villalobos on the cạnh[[electronkính microscopehiển vi điện tử]] attại [[Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas|IVIC]] invào những thenăm 1950s1950
|birth_date = {{birth date|1924|2|18|df=y}}
|birth_place = [[Maracaibo]], [[Zulia State]],
|death_date = {{death date and age|1999|3|17|1924|2|24|df=y}}
|death_place = [[Stockholm]]
|field = [[MedicineY học]]
|work_institutions = [[Central University of Venezuela]] (UCV), [[NASA]], [[MIT]], [[UniversityĐại ofhọc Chicago]], [[UniversityĐại ofhọc Stockholm]]
|alma_mater = [[UniversityĐại ofhọc Munich and UniversityĐại ofhọc Chicago]]
|doctoral_advisor =
|doctoral_students =
|known_for = cryoultramicrotomy, electron cryomicroscopy
|prizes = [[Order of the Polar Star]], [[Giải thưởng John Scott Award]]
|religion =
|signature =
}}
{{Refimprove|date=March 2011}}
'''Humberto Fernández-Morán Villalobos''' (Februarysinh ngày 18, tháng 2 năm 1924{{spaced ndash}} Marchmất ngày 17, tháng 3 năm 1999) was amột Venezuelannhà researchkhoa scientisthọc bornnghiên incứu người Venezuale, sinh ra tại [[Maracaibo]], [[Venezuela]], renownednổi fortiếng inventing thephát minh [[diamonddao knifekim cương]] or scalpel, significantly advancing the development of electromagnetic lenses for electron microscopy based onhay superconductingdao technologymổ, andthúc manyđẩy otherđáng scientifickể contributions.cho Aviệc quickphát reviewtriển ofthấu hiskính oft-citedđiện peer-reviewedtừ publicationscho incác journalskính ofhiển sciencevi showsđiện atử widedựa rangetrên ofcông scientificnghệ researchsiêu interestsdẫn, from elucidating mitochondrial membrane structure to compositional analyses of [[lunar rock]] obtained incùng thenhiều coursecông oftrình NASA'skhoa Apollohọc missionskhác.
 
HeÔng donatedtặng amột collectionbộ ofsưu histập paperscác tocông thebố Nationalcủa Librarymình ofcho MedicineThư viện Quốc gia Y học vào năm in 1986.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://oculus.nlm.nih.gov/fernandez422|title=Humberto Fernández-Morán Papers 1952-1985|publisher=National Library of Medicine}}</ref>
Dr. Fernández-Morán founded the Venezuelan Institute for Neurological and Brain Studies, the predecessor of the current Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research (IVIC). He studied medicine at the [[University of Munich]], where he graduated ''summa cum laude'' in 1944. He contributed to the development of the [[electron microscope]] and was the first person to use the concept of cryo-ultramicrotomy. After flying over [[Angel Falls]] in his home country of [[Venezuela]] he was inspired by the concept of the smoothly reoccurring flow system inherent in a waterfall to take his diamond knife invention and combine it with an [[ultramicrotome]] to dramatically improve the ultra-thin sectioning of electron microscopy samples. The ultramictrotome advances the rotating, drum-mounted specimen sample in such small increments (utilizing the very low thermal expansion coefficient of [[Invar]]) past the stationary diamond knife that sectioning thicknesses of several Angstrom units are possible. He also helped to advance the field of electron cryomicroscopy - the use of [[superconductive]] electromagnetic lenses cooled with liquid helium in electron microscopes to achieve the highest resolution possible - among many other research topics.
 
==Phát minh==
He was appointed Minister of Science during the last year of the regime of [[Marcos Pérez Jiménez]] and was forced to leave [[Venezuela]] when the dictatorship was overthrown in 1958. He worked with [[NASA]] for the [[Apollo Project]] and taught in many universities, such as [[MIT]], [[University of Chicago]] and the [[University of Stockholm]].
*Dao mổ kim cương
*Thiết bị vi phẫu
 
==Các giải thưởng và danh hiệu==
In the United States he was proposed to be nominated for the [[Nobel Prize]]. He rejected the nomination because he would have had to embrace American citizenship, which he refused, wanting to maintain his Venezuelan nationality.
* 1967, thegiải [[John Scott Award]], forcho hisphát inventionminh ofdao themổ diamondkim scalpelcương.<ref name="garfield_johnscottaward_">{{cite web|url=http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/johnscottaward/js1961-1970.html |title=The John Scott Award Recipients 1961&ndash;1970 |publisher=John Scott Award Advisory Committee |first=E. |last=Garfield |authorlink=Eugene Garfield |accessdate=March 30, 2011}} Dr. Eugene Garfield is member of the Advisory Committee.</ref>
* KnightHiệp of the [[Order of the Polar Star]]
* Huy chương Claude Bernard Medal, [[UniversityĐại ofhọc Montreal]]
* Giải thưởng Y học hằng năm của Cambridge
 
==Chú thích==
His wife Anna was Swedish and together they had two daughters, Brigida Elena and Verónica.
 
The body of Dr. Humberto Fernández-Morán Villalobos was cremated and his ashes rest today in his second homeland, [[Stockholm]], Sweden.
 
He donated a collection of his papers to the National Library of Medicine in 1986.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://oculus.nlm.nih.gov/fernandez422|title=Humberto Fernández-Morán Papers 1952-1985|publisher=National Library of Medicine}}</ref>
 
==Inventions==
*Diamond [[scalpel]]
*Ultra [[microtome]]
 
==Awards and honors==
* 1967, the [[John Scott Award]], for his invention of the diamond scalpel.<ref name="garfield_johnscottaward_">{{cite web|url=http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/johnscottaward/js1961-1970.html |title=The John Scott Award Recipients 1961&ndash;1970 |publisher=John Scott Award Advisory Committee |first=E. |last=Garfield |authorlink=Eugene Garfield |accessdate=March 30, 2011}} Dr. Eugene Garfield is member of the Advisory Committee.</ref>
* Knight of the [[Order of the Polar Star]]
* Claude Bernard Medal, [[University of Montreal]]
* Cambridge annual Medical Prize
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
 
==Liên kết ngoài==
==External links==
*[http://cbe.ivic.ve/PatenteCuchillaDiamante.pdf TheBằng Patentsáng ofchế thedao Diamondmổ Scalpelkim cương] - Septembertháng 9 năm 1955.
*[http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?No=0&N=4294958811 ResearchCác donenghiên forcứu làm cho NASA bybởi Fernández Morán]
*[http://www.tocuyodelacosta.com/2009_12_01_archive.html Phỏng vấn Humberto Fernandez Morán Radio Interview]
 
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