Khác biệt giữa các bản “Tiếng Leco”

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| ||colspan=3 |‘Trồng ngô!’
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*Động từ trong Leco còn có thể được kết hợp Verbs in Leco can be combined, besides, with a set of derivational suffixes, related to aspect, as for example the completive ''-hi'' in (11), to distinctions of movement, as, for example, the modifying suffix of movement ''wari-'' in (12), and to valence, as for example the reciprocal suffix ''-mo'' in (13) and the causative ''-ki'' in (14).
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|(11)||''yo-moki''||''warsuch''||''tiltil-'''hi'''-no-te''
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| ||1-GEN||trousers||undone-CMPL-NML-DCL
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| ||colspan=3 |‘My trousers have been completely broken.’
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|(12)||''wotha''||''wonon-'''wari'''-no-te''
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| ||hill||caminar-subir.por.tierra-NML-DCL
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| ||colspan=2 |‘He/she is walking up the hill.’
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|(13)||''yobas-aya''||''yanapas-'''mo'''-no-aya-te''||''dihwo''||''bal-ich-ki''
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| ||man-PL||help-REC-NML-PL-DCL||peanut||plant-INF-DAT
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| ||colspan=4 |‘The men are helping each other to plant peanuts.’
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|(14)||''o-botha-tha-ki''||''do-ko-'''ki'''-a''
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| ||2-brother-DIM-DAT||3.O-take-CAUS-IMP
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| ||colspan=2 |‘Make him take your (singular) little brother!’
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In Leco, one sees productive processes of reduplication. With substantives, reduplication can be interpreted as 'a heap/much of', with adjectives, 'a high degree of'; with verbs the interpretation is very diverse and not always transparent; thus we have the reduplicate verb ''tiltilkach'' 'to be undone', derived from ''tiltil'' 'undone', which expresses a state or process, for which reason it is combined also with the auxiliary ''kach'' 'to be'.
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=== Speech ===
In regard to the characteristics of spoken Leco, one can point out the following:
*As van de Kerke (2009: 315) points out, the order of the constituents is not fixed, although, in general, the subject takes the first position, especially if it involves a topicalized element. Besides, the object often precedes the verb, as is seen in (15):
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|(15)||''hino''|| ''yobas-ne'' ||'''''palanta'''''||'''''soh-cha-no-te'''''||''moki-a''||''choswai-ki''
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| ||this|| man-TOP||platano||look at-PR-NML-DCL||GEN-3||wife-DAT
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| || colspan=6 |‘This man is searching for platano for his wife (of another).’
|}
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*Leco is a [[pro-drop language]]; this means that an explicit pronominal subject is not required, although this can appear as in (16) (''chera'' 'we'):
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|(16)||''chera''|| ''du-kama-tean'' ||''Burua''||''da-in-tean''||''du-ch''
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| ||we||speak-can-1<small>[[plural|PL]]</small>||Leko||want-<small>[[negación|NEG]]</small>-1<small>PL</small>||speak-<small>[[infinitivo|INF]]</small>
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| || colspan=5 |'We can speak Leco, but we do not want to speak it.
|}
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*In Leco, one sees simple and compound speech (van de Kerke, 2009: 316–324). In regard to simple speech, diverse types are distinguished, such as, for example: existential specch, as (17), declarative speech, as (18), interrogative speech, be it confirmative, as (19a), or informative, as (19b), among others.
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|(17)||''aycha''|| ''ne-no-te''
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| ||meat|| exist-NML-DCL
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| || colspan=2 |‘There is meat!’
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{| style="text-align: left; width: 30%" border="0"
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|(18)||''wesra''|| ''nos''||''na-in-tha-te''
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| ||Guanay|| far||be-NEG-DIM-DCL
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| || colspan=3 |‘Guanay is very near.’
|}
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{| style="text-align: left; width: 25%" border="0"
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|(19a)||''sok’och''|| ''da-no-ne''||''iya-n''
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| ||food||want-NML-INT||you (singular)-INT
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| || colspan=3 |‘Do you (singular) want to eat?’
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{| style="text-align: left; width: 25%" border="0"
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|(19b)||''ha-ne''|| ''busa-cha-no-n''
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| ||who-INT|| arrive-PRS-NML-INT
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| || colspan=2 |‘Who is arriving?’
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*In regard to compound speech, diverse types are also distinguished: juxtaposed speech, as (20), coordinate speech, as (21), and subordinate speech (causal, concessive, temporal, conditional, consecutive), as (22):
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|(20)||''on''|| ''chelas-no''||''yobas-ne''||''k’o-in-te''||''wet-ra-no-te''
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| ||that||become sick-NML||man-TOP||eat-NML-DCL||die-FUT-DCL
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| || colspan=5 |‘That sick man is not eating; he is going to die.’
|}
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|(21)||''on''|| ''chelas-no''||''k’o-in-te''||'''no'''||''ko-in-te''||''wet-ra-no-te''
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| ||that||become sick-NML||eat-NML-DCL||not||drink-NML-DCL||die-FUT-DCL
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| || colspan=6 |‘That sick man is neither eating nor drinking; he is going to die.’
|}
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|(22)||''ch’epe''|| ''yin-soncho-a-ra''||''katre-te''||''bar-ka-cha-no-to:''
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| ||ill||1.BEN-become sick-PF-LOC||cot-LOC||lying-AUX-PRS-NML-PRS.1
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| || colspan=4 |‘Because I feel ill I am lying on a cot.’
|}
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