Khác biệt giữa các bản “Sala”

n
sửa chính tả 3, replaced: IndiaẤn Độ, ]] and và [[ (4) using [[Project:AWB|AWB]]
n (→‎Tham khảo: clean up, replaced: [[Thể loại:Cây Myanmar → [[Thể loại:Thực vật Myanmar using [[Project:AWB|AWB]])
n (sửa chính tả 3, replaced: IndiaẤn Độ, ]] and và [[ (4) using [[Project:AWB|AWB]])
 
[[Hình:Sal (Shorea robusta)- new leaves with flower buds at Jayanti, Duars W Picture 120.jpg|nhỏ|trái| New leaves with flower buds at [[Jayanti]] in [[Buxa Tiger Reserve]] in [[Jalpaiguri]] district of [[West Bengal]], India. ]]
 
This tree is native to the [[Indian Subcontinent]], ranging south of the [[Himalaya]], from [[Myanmar]] in the east to [[Nepal]], [[IndiaẤn Độ]] and [[Bangladesh]]. In India, it extends from [[Assam]], [[Bengal]], [[Orissa]] and [[Jharkhand]] west to the [[Shivalik Hills]] in [[Haryana]], east of the [[Yamuna]]. The range also extends through the [[Eastern Ghats]] and to the eastern [[Vindhya Range|Vindhya]] and [[Satpura Range|Satpura]] ranges of central India. It is often the dominant tree in the forests where it occurs. In [[Nepal]], it is found mostly in the [[terai]] region from east to west, especially, in the Churia range (the Shivalik Hill [[Churia Range]]) in the subtropical climate zone. There are many protected areas, such as [[Chitwan National Park]], Bardiya National Park [[Bardia National Park]], Shukla Phat National Parks, etc., where there are dense forests of huge sal trees. It is also found in the lower belt of the hilly region and inner terai.
 
==Miêu tả==
==Sử dụng==
Sal is one of the most important sources of [[hardwood]] timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in colour when freshly cut, but becomes dark brown with exposure. The wood is resinous and durable, and is sought-after for construction, although not well suited to planing and polishing. The wood is specially suitable for constructing frames for doors and windows.
The dry leaves of sal are a major source for the production of leaf plates and leaf bowls in northern and eastern India. The leaves are also used fresh to serve ready made ''[[paan]]'' (betelnut preparations) and small snacks such as boiled [[black gram|black ''grams'']], ''[[gol gappa]]'', etc. The used leaves/plates are readily eaten by goats and cattle that roam the streets freely. The tree has therefore protected northern India from a flood of styrofoam and plastic plates that would have caused tremendous pollution. In [[South India]], fresh [[plantain]] and [[banana]] leaves are used instead.
 
Sal tree resin, ''ṛla'' in Sanskrit, is used as an [[astringent]] in [[Ayurvedic]] medicine.<ref>[http://chestofbooks.com/health/materia-medica-drugs/Hindus-Materia.../Nat-Order-Dipterocarpeae-Shorea-Robusta-Sans.html Sala, Asvakarna]</ref> It is also burned as [[incense]] in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.