Khác biệt giữa bản sửa đổi của “Whippomorpha”

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* [[Bộ Cá voi|Cetacea]]
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'''Whippomorpha''' (hay '''Cetancodonta''') là một tên gọi kỳ dị để chỉ nhánh chứa [[Bộ Cá voi|Cetacea]] (cá voi, cá heo v.v.) và các họ hàng gần gũi nhất của chúng, các loài hà mã của họ [[Hippopotamidae]]. Như thế nó là phân nhóm của [[Cetartiodactyla]], trong đó bao gồm cả [[chi Lợn|lợn]] và [[phân bộ Nhai lại|động vật nhai lại]]. Người ta vẫn chưa rõ cá voi và hà mã chia sẻ cùng một tổ tiên chung gần đây như thế nào, mặc dù chứng cứ di truyền học là khá mạnh chỉ ra rằng [[Bộ Cá voi|Cetacea]] đã phát sinh từ trong [[bộ Guốc chẵn|Artiodactyla]], điều này làm cho phân loại động vật guốc chẵn trở thành dạng phân loại chỉ theo ngoại hình<ref>[httphttps://wwwbmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2148/-6/-93 A higher-level MRP supertree of placental mammals] Robin MD BeckEmail author, Olaf RP Bininda-Emonds, Marcel Cardillo, Fu-Guo Robert Liu and Andy Purvis {{DOI|10.1186/1471-2148-6-93}} [https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1471-2148-6-93 Pdf]</ref>.
 
{{Đang dịch 2 (nguồn)|ngày=18
|tháng=08
|năm=2018
|1 = Tiếng Ba Lan
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==Chú thích==
{{Tham khảo}}|
<ref name="Chorlakkia">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = PD Gingerich, DE Russell, D Sigogneau-Russell | tytuł = Chorlakkia hassani, a new middle Eocene dichobunid (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the Kuldana Formation of Kohat (Pakistan) | czasopismo = Contributions from The Museum of Paleontology The University of Michigan | wolumin = 25 | strony = 117-124 | język = en | data = 1979 | url = https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/48496/ID347.pdf;sequence=2}}</ref>
<ref name="Echovenator">{{Cytuj|autor=Morgan Churchill, Manuel Martinez-Caceres, Christian de Muizon, Jessica Mnieckowski, Jonathan H. Geisler|tytuł=The Origin of High-Frequency Hearing in Whales|czasopismo=Current Biology |data=2016|wolumin=26|numer=16|s=2144–2149|doi=10.1016/j.cub.2016.06.004|pmid=27498568|dostęp=o}}</ref>
==Tham khảo==
<ref name=Mystacodon>{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor=Olivier Lambert, Manuel Martínez-Cáceres, Giovanni Bianucci, Claudio Di Celma, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi, Etienne Steurbaut, Mario Urbina, Christian de Muizon |tytuł=Earliest mysticete from the Late Eocene of Peru sheds new light on the origin of baleen whales |czasopismo=Current Biology |wolumin=27 |wydanie=10 |strony=1535–1541 |rok=2017 |doi=10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.026 |język=en}}</ref>
<ref name="Arnason&00">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = Ulfur Arnason, Anette Gullberg, Solveig Gretarsdottir, Bjo¨rn Ursing, Axel Janke |tytuł = The Mitochondrial Genome of the Sperm Whale and a New Molecular Reference for Estimating Eutherian Divergence Dates |czasopismo = Journal of Molecular Evolution |odpowiedzialność = researchgate |wolumin = 50 |strony = 569–578 |język = en |data = 2000 |doi = 10.1007/s002390010060}}</ref>
<ref name="Asher&Helgen">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = Robert J Asher & Kristofer M Helgen |tytuł = Nomenclature and placental mammal phylogeny |url = https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1471-2148-10-102?site=http://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com|czasopismo = BMC Evolutionary Biology |wolumin = 10 |strony = 102 |język = en |data = 2010}}</ref>
<ref name="Boisserie&05">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = Jean-Renaud Boisserie, Fabrice Lihoreau, Michel Brunet | tytuł = The position of Hippopotamidae within Cetartiodactyla | czasopismo = Proc Natl Acad Sci USA | wolumin = 102 | strony = 1537–1541 | język = en | data = 2005 | doi = 10.1073/pnas.0409518102}}</ref>
<ref name="Coombs&Coombs82">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = Margery C. Coombs & Walter P. Coombs, Jr | tytuł = Anatomy of the Ear Region of Four Eocene Artiodactyls: Gobiohyus, ?Helohyus, Diacodexis and Homacodon | czasopismo = Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology | odpowiedzialność = researchgate | wolumin = 2 | strony = 219-236 | język = en | data = 1982 | url = https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Margery_Coombs/publication/254313350_Anatomy_of_the_ear_region_of_four_Eocene_artiodactyls_Gobiohyus_Helohyus_Diacodexis_and_Homacodon/links/56301f7008ae432a022c37c1.pdf |doi=10.1080/02724634.1982.10011931}}</ref>
<ref name="Ekdale&Racicot15">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = Eric G Ekdale & Rachel A Racicot | tytuł = Anatomical evidence for low frequency sensitivity in an archaeocete whale: comparison of the inner ear of Zygorhiza kochii with that of crown Mysticeti | czasopismo = Journal of anatomy | wolumin = 226(1) | strony = 22–39 | język = en | data = 2015 | url = https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4313896/ | doi = 10.1111/joa.12253}}</ref>
<ref name=Fordyce&Barnes94>{{Chú thích tạp chí| nazwisko=Fordyce|imię=R E| autor2=Barnes, L G| tytuł=The Evolutionary History of Whales and Dolphins| czasopismo=Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences| data=1994| wolumin=22| wydanie=1| strony=419–455 |doi=10.1146/annurev.ea.22.050194.002223 | bibcode = 1994AREPS..22..419F}}</ref>
<ref name="Gatesy&96">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = John Gatesy, Cheryl Hayashi, Mathew A. Cronin & Peter Arctander |tytuł = Evidence from milk casein genes that cetaceans are close relatives of hippopotamid artiodactyls |url = https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ab16/2f435d996bcd8e93135b91298ee9b00098b5.pdf |czasopismo = Molecular Biology and Evolution |wolumin = 13 |strony = 954–963 |język = en |data = 1996}}</ref>
<ref name="Gatesy&99">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = John Gatesy, Michel Milinkovitch, Victor Waddell, Michael Stanhope | tytuł = Stability of cladistic relationships between Cetacea and higher-level artiodactyl taxa | czasopismo = Systematic Biology | wydawca = Society of Systematic Biologists | wolumin = 48 | strony = 6-20 | język = en | data = 1999 | doi=10.1080/106351599260409}}</ref>
<ref name="Gingerich&01">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = Gingerich PD, Haq Mu, Zalmout IS, Khan IH, Malkani MS | tytuł = Origin of whales from early artiodactyls: hands and feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan | czasopismo = Science | wolumin = 293(5538) | strony = 2239-42 | język = en | data = 2001 | doi = 10.1126/science.1063902}}</ref>
<ref name="Graur&Higgins94">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = Dan Graur & Desmond G. Higgins |tytuł = Molecular evidence for the inclusion of cetaceans within the order Artiodactyla. |url = https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/96a9/1f37c3009157cf6f3eb61085a7f4ec8d4790.pdf|czasopismo = Molecular Biology and Evolution |wolumin = 11 |strony = 357–364 |język = en |data = 1994}}</ref>
<ref name="Hong-Yan&Xi-Jun">{{otwarty dostęp}} {{Chú thích tạp chí| nazwisko=Hong-Yan| imię=Gao| nazwisko2=Xi-Jun| imię2=Ni| tytuł=Diverse stem cetaceans and their phylogenetic relationships with mesonychids and artiodactyls| url=http://web.archive.org/web/20160215045814/http://www.ivpp.cas.cn/cbw/gjzdwxb/xbwzxz/201504/P020150420393427001650.pdf| czasopismo=Vertebrata PalAsiatica |rok=2015| wolumin=53| wydanie=2| strony=153–176|język=en}}</ref>
<ref name="Irwin&Árnason94">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = David M. Irwin, Úlfur Árnason |tytuł = Cytochrome b gene of marine mammals: Phylogeny and evolution |url = https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01464349?LI=true |czasopismo = Journal of Mammalian Evolution |odpowiedzialność = Springer Link |wolumin = 2 |strony = 37–55 |język = en |data = 1994 |doi=10.1007/BF01464349}}</ref>
<ref name=Lihoreau06>{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = Lihoreau, Fabrice | tytuł = Anthracothere dental anatomy reveals a late Miocene Chado-Libyan bioprovince | url = http://www.pnas.org/cgi/reprint/1[[23 marca]] [[8763]].pdf | czasopismo = [[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences]] | wolumin = 103 | strony = 8763–7 | rok = 2006 | doi = 10.1073/pnas.0603126103 | pmid = 16723392 | bibcode = 2006PNAS..103.8763L | język = en}}</ref>
<ref name=Marx&Fordyce>{{Chú thích |autor=Felix G. Marx; R. Ewan Fordyce |tytuł=Baleen boom and bust: a synthesis of mysticete phylogeny, diversity and disparity |czasopismo=Royal Society Open Science |wolumin=2 |numer=4 |s=140434 |data=2015 |doi=10.1098/rsos.140434 |język=en |dostęp=o}}</ref>
<ref name="Montgelard&97">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = Claudine Montgelard, FranCois M. Catzejfis & Emmanuel Douzery |tytuł = Phylogenetic relationships of artiodactyls and cetaceans as deduced from the comparison of cytochrome b and 12S rRNA mitochondrial sequences |czasopismo = Molecular Biology and Evolution |wolumin = 14 |strony = 550–559 |język = en |data = 1997}}</ref>
<ref name="Mourlam&Orliac17">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = Mickaël J. Mourlam & Maeva J. Orliac | tytuł = Infrasonic and Ultrasonic Hearing Evolved after the Emergence of Modern Whales | czasopismo = Current Biology | wolumin = 27 | strony = 1776–1781 | język = en | doi = 10.1016/j.cub.2017.04.061 | data = 2017}}</ref>
<ref name="Nummela&04">{{Chú thích tạp chí| nazwisko=Nummela|imię=Sirpa| nazwisko2=Thewissen| imię2=J.G.M.| nazwisko3=Bajpai| imię3=Sunil| nazwisko4=T. Hussain| imię4=S.| nazwisko5=Kumar | imię5=Kishor| tytuł=Eocene evolution of whale hearing| czasopismo=Nature| rok=2004| wolumin=430| wydanie=7001| strony=776–778|doi=10.1038/nature02720|pmid=15306808|bibcode=2004Natur.430..776N}}</ref>
<ref name="Pyenson17">{{Chú thích tạp chí | nazwisko = Pyenson | imię = Nicholas D. | tytuł = The Ecological Rise of Whales Chronicled by the Fossil Record | czasopismo = Current Biology | wydawca = Elsevier | wolumin = 27 | strony = R558–R564 | język = en | data = 2017 | url = https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.05.001}}</ref>
<ref name="Slater&17">{{Chú thích |autor=Graham J. Slater; Jeremy A. Goldbogen; Nicholas D. Pyenson |tytuł=Independent evolution of baleen whale gigantism linked to Plio-Pleistocene ocean dynamics |czasopismo=Proceedings of the Royal Society B |wolumin=284 |numer=1855 |s=20170546 |data=2017 |doi=10.1098/rspb.2017.0546 |język=en}}</ref>
<ref name="Spaulding">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = Michelle Spaulding, Maureen A. O’Leary, John Gatesy |tytuł = Relationships of Cetacea (Artiodactyla) Among Mammals: Increased Taxon Sampling Alters Interpretations of Key Fossils and Character Evolution |url = https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2740860/pdf/pone.0007062.pdf |czasopismo = PLoS One |wydanie = 9 |wolumin = 4 |język = en |data = 2009 |doi = 10.1371/journal.pone.0007062}}</ref>
<ref name="Symeonidis&03">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = NK Symeonidis, E Kazár, SJ Roussiakis | tytuł = Shark-toothed dolphin remains (Mammalia, Cetacea, Squalodontidae) from the Early Miocene of Greece | czasopismo = Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. Serie A für Mineralogie und Petrographie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Anthropologie und Prähistorie | strony = 307-331 | język = en | data = 2003 | url = http://users.uoa.gr/~srousiak/PUBLICATIONS_PDF/PUBLICATIONS/SYMEONIDIS%20ET%20AL%20%282004%29%20SHARKTOOTHED%20DOLPHIN%20FROM%20TSOTYLION.pdf}}</ref>
<ref name="Thewissen09">{{Chú thích web |autor=JGM Thewissen, WA McLellan |tytuł=''Maiacetus'': displaced fetus or last meal? |opublikowany=PLoS ONE |url=http://www.plosone.org/annotation/listThread.action?root=5573 |rok=2009 |język=en |data dostępu=2017-12-20}}</ref>
<ref name="Thewissen&Bajpai01">{{otwarty dostęp}} {{Chú thích tạp chí| nazwisko=Thewissen|imię=J.G.M.| nazwisko2=Bajpai| imię2=Sunhil| tytuł=Whale Origins as a Poster Child for Macroevolution| czasopismo=BioScience| rok=2001| wolumin=51| wydanie=12| strony=1037| doi=10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051&#91;1037:WOAAPC&#93;2.0.CO;2}}</ref>
<ref name=Thewissen&02>{{Chú thích tạp chí | nazwisko=Thewissen |imię=J.G.M.| autor2=Williams, E. M | tytuł=The Early Radiation of Cetacea (Mammalia): Evolutionary Pattern and Developmental Correlations | czasopismo=Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics | data=2002 | wolumin=33 | wydanie=1 | strony=73–90 | doi=10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.33.020602.095426}}</ref>
<ref name="Thewissen&07">{{Chú thích tạp chí | nazwisko=Thewissen|imię=J.G.M. | autor2=Cooper, Lisa Noelle | autor3=Clementz, Mark T. | autor4=Bajpai, Sunil | autor5=Tiwari, B. N | tytuł=Whales originated from aquatic artiodactyls in the Eocene epoch of India | czasopismo=Nature| data=2007 | wolumin=450 | wydanie=7173 | strony=1190–1194 | doi=10.1038/nature06343 | pmid=18097400 | bibcode=2007Natur.450.1190T}}</ref>
<ref name="Vislobokova04">{{Chú thích tạp chí | autor = I. A. Vislobokova | tytuł = Artiodactyls from the Middle Eocene of Khaichin-Ula II, Mongolia | czasopismo = Paleontological Journal | odpowiedzialność = researchgate | wolumin = 38 | strony = 90–96 | język = en | data = 2004 | url = https://www.researchgate.net/profile/I_Vislobokova/publication/262698262_Artiodactyls_from_the_Middle_Eocene_of_Khaichin-Ula_II_Mongolia/links/0a85e5388589dd08c0000000.pdf}}</ref>
<ref name="Whippomorpha">{{Chú thích tạp chí |autor = Peter J. Waddell, Norihiro Okada, Masami Hasegawa |tytuł = Towards resolving the interordinal relationships of placental mammals. |url = http://sysbio.oxfordjournals.org/content/48/1/1.full.pdf|czasopismo = Systematic Biology |wydawca = Society of Systematic Biologists |wydanie = 1 |wolumin = 48 |strony = 1–5 |issn = 1076-836X |język = en |data = 1999}}</ref>
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==Liên kết ngoài==
 
{{Mammalia-stub}}
{{Taxonbar}}
 
[[Thể loại:Cetartiodactyla]]
[[Thể loại:Phát sinh loài]]
[[Thể loại:Ungulata]]
{{Mammalia-stub}}