Khác biệt giữa các bản “Nhà sàn”

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[[Hình:cempa_stilthouses.jpg|nhỏ|phải|250px|Nhà sàn tại Cempa, trên [[quần đảo Lingga]] của Indonesia.]]
[[Hình:AttapeuStiltHouse.jpg|nhỏ|phải|250px|Nhà sàn tại tỉnh [[Attapu]], miền nam [[Lào]].]]
'''Nhà sàn''' là một kiểu nhà được dựng trên các cột phía trên mặt đất hay mặt nước.
{{Đang dịch|ngôn ngữ=tiếng Anh}}
In the [[Neolithic]] and [[Bronze Age]], Stilt houses were common in the [[Alps|Alpine]] region. Remains have been found at the [[Mondsee]] and [[Attersee]] lakes in [[Upper Austria]], for example. Early [[archaeologist]]s like [[Ferdinand Keller]] thought they formed artificial islands, much like the Scottish [[Crannog]]s, but today it is clear that the majority of settlements was located on the shores of lakes and were only inundated later on. Reconstructed stilt houses are shown in [[open air museum]]s in [[Unteruhldingen]] and [[Zürich]] (Pfahlbauland). A single [[Scandinavia]]n pile dwelling, the [[Alvastra stilt houses]], has been excavated in [[Sweden]].
 
Today, stilt houses are still common in parts of [[South East Asia]], [[Papua New Guinea]] and [[West Africa]]. In the Alps, similar buildings, known as [[raccard]]s, are still in use as granaries. Stilted graneries are also a common feature in West Africa, e.g. in the Malinke language regions of Mali and Guinea.
 
Stilt houses are also common in the western hemisphere, and appear to have been an indigenous creation by the Amerindians in pre-Columbian times. They are especially widespread along the banks of the tropical river valleys of South America ([[Palafito]]), notably the Amazon and Orinoco river systems. Stilt houses were such a prevalent feature along the shores of [[Lake Maracaibo]] that Amerigo Vespucci was inspired to name the region "Venezuela" (little Venice).
 
==Types of stilt house==
*[[Kelong]] - built primarily for fishing, but often doubling up as offshore dwellings in [[Malaysia]], [[Indonesia]] and [[Singapore]].
*''[[Pang uk]]'' - a special kind of house found in [[Tai O]], [[Lantau]], [[Hong Kong]], mainly built by [[Tanka]]s.
*[[Papua New Guinea stilt house]] - a kind of stilt house constructed by [[Motuan]]s, commonly found in the southern coastal area of PNG.
*[[Thai stilt house]] - a kind of house often built on [[freshwater]], e.g. a [[nelumbo|lotus]] pond.
*[[Vietnamese stilt house]] - similar to the Thai ones, despite having a front door with a smaller height due to religious reasons.
*[[Palafito]] - Found throughout South America since Pre-Columbian times.
 
==Lake dwelling==
A '''lake dwelling''' is a [[house]] or other structure built over shallow waters, such as a lake or marsh, supported on piles or artificial mounds of earth or wood. Prehistoric lake dwellers lived on all continents save Australia and Antarctica; notable among these were the [[Neolithic]] inhabitants of what is now the European [[Alps]]. Living examples are the lake settlements of the Ganvie region of Benin (in West Africa) and in the Inle Lake region of Myanmar (in Southeast Asia).
 
==Xem thêm==
* [[Venizia]]
 
[[Thể loại:Kiểu nhà]]
 
[[de:Pfahlbau]]
[[en:Stilt house]]
[[hr:Sojenica]]
[[it:Palafitta]]
[[pl:Palafity]]
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