Khác biệt giữa các bản “Charles VI của Pháp”

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'''Charles VI''' ([[3 tháng 12]] năm [[1368]] – [[21 tháng 10]] năm [[1422]] còn được gọi là '''Charles le Bienaimé''' hay '''Charles le Fol''' hoặc '''le Fou''') là vị [[danh sách vua và hoàng đế Pháp|vua Pháp]] từ [[1380]] đến khi qua đời năm 1422, hưởng thọ 53- 54 tuổi. Charles VI sinh tại [[Paris]], thuộc dòng dõi [[nhà Valois]], là con của [[Charles V của Pháp|Charles V]] và Joanna xứ Bourbon. Năm 11 tuổi, Charles đăng quang vua Pháp năm 1380 tại [[nhà thờ chính tòa Đức Bà Reims|nhà thờ Đức Bà Reims]]. Năm 1385 ông cưới [[Isabeau xứ Bavaria]] Trước khi Charles VI thực sự trị vì vào năm 1388, người chú là [[Philippe II của Bourgogne]] nắm quyền nhiếp chính.
 
In 1388 Charles VI dismissed his uncles and brought back to power [[Marmousets|his father's former advisers]]. Political and economic conditions in the kingdom improved significantly, and Charles earned the epithet "the Beloved". But in August 1392 en route to [[Brittany]] with his army in the forest of [[Le Mans]], Charles suddenly went mad and slew four knights and almost killed his brother, [[Louis I, Duke of Orléans]].<ref name="madmonarchs.guusbeltman.nl2">{{cite web|url=http://madmonarchs.guusbeltman.nl/madmonarchs/charles6/charles6_bio.htm|title=Biography of Charles VI the mad of France (1368-1422)|work=guusbeltman.nl|accessdate=6 November 2015}}</ref>
 
From then on, Charles' bouts of [[insanity]] became more frequent and of longer duration. During these attacks, he had delusions, believing he was [[Glass delusion|made of glass]] or denying he had a wife and children.<ref name="madmonarchs.guusbeltman.nl2" /> He could also attack servants or run until exhaustion, wailing that he was threatened by his enemies. Between crises, there were intervals of months during which Charles (now "the Mad") was relatively sane.<ref name="madmonarchs.guusbeltman.nl2" /> However, unable to concentrate or make decisions, political power was effectively exercised by his relatives (the [[Prince du sang|princes of blood]]) and other leading French nobles, whose rivalries and disputes would cause much chaos and conflict in France.
 
A fierce struggle for power developed between the king's brother, [[Louis I of Orléans|Louis of Orléans]], and cousin, [[John the Fearless|John of Burgundy]]. When John instigated the [[Assassination of Louis I, Duke of Orléans|murder of Louis]] in 1407, the conflict degenerated into [[Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War|a civil war]] between John's supporters – the [[Burgundian (party)|Burgundians]] – and opponents – the [[Armagnac (party)|Armagnacs]]. Both sides offered large parts of France to the English (who were still nominally [[Hundred Years' War (1415–53)|at war]] with the Valois monarchy) in exchange for their support. John of Burgundy himself [[Assassination of John the Fearless|was assassinated]] (1419), with Charles VI's son, heir, and namesake, [[Charles VII of France|Charles]], being involved. In retaliation, John's son, [[Philip the Good|Philip of Burgundy]], led Charles VI to sign the infamous [[Treaty of Troyes]] (1420), which disinherited his offspring and recognized [[Henry V of England|King Henry V of England]] as his legitimate successor on the throne of France.
 
When Charles VI died, the succession was claimed both by the [[Henry VI of England|King of England]] and by the disinherited [[Charles VII of France|younger Charles]], who found the Valois cause in a desperate situation.
 
== Lên ngôi ==
[[Tập tin:Couronnement de Charles VI le Bien-Aimé.jpg|thế=|trái|nhỏ|Lễ đăng quang của Charles VI ngày 4 tháng 11 [[Năm 1380|năm 1380]]]]
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