Khác biệt giữa các bản “Bảo tàng quốc gia Warszawa”

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{{Infobox museum|name=Bảo tàng quốc gia ở Warsaw|image=Facade NMW 04.jpg|image_upright=1.35|caption=Sân trong Lorentz của bảo tàng quốc gia|map_type=Poland Warsaw central|map_caption=Vị trí ở Warsaw|map_size=300|logo=National_Museum,_Warsaw_01.png|established={{Start date and age|1862|05|20|df=yes}}|location=[[Aleje Jerozolimskie]] 3,<ref name=info /><br> [[Warsaw]], Ba Lan|coordinates={{coord|52|13|54|N|21|1|29|E|source:plwiki_region:PL_scale:1000_type:landmark|display=inline,title}}|type=[[Bảo tàng quốc gia]]|collections=[[Hội họa]], [[Điêu khắc]], [[Nghệ thuật trang trí]]|director=Agnieszka Morawińska|curator=|visitors=540,138 (2015)<ref name=visitors />|publictransit=[[Tàu điện ở Warsaw|Tàu điện]]: 7, 8, 9,22, 24, 25<br>
[[Xe bus ở Warsaw|Bus]]: 111, 117,158, 507, 517, 521 (''Muzeum Narodowe'')<br> 116, 128, 195, 180, 222, 503 (''Foksal'')<ref name=info />|website=[http://www.mnw.art.pl/en/ www.mnw.art.pl]}} '''Bảo tàng quốc gia tại Warsaw''' ({{Lang-pl|Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie}} ), viết tắt phổ biến là '''MNW''', một trong những bảo tàng lớn nhất ở [[Ba Lan]] và lớn nhất ở thủ đô Warsaw. Nó bao gồm 1 bộ sưu tập nghệ thuật cổ đại (Ai Cập, [[Nghệ thuật Hy Lạp cổ|Hy Lạp]], La Mã), gồm khoảng 11.000 hiện vật,<ref name="Murawska-Muthesius 2001 31">{{Harvnb|Murawska-Muthesius|2001}}</ref> một bộ sưu tập tranh Ba Lan phong phú từ thế kỷ XVI và một bộ sưu tập tranh nước ngoài ([[Nghệ thuật Ý|Ý]], Pháp, Bắc Bỉ, Hà Lan, Đức và [[Văn hóa Nga|Nga]]) bao gồm một số bức tranh từ bộ sưu tập tư nhân của Adolf Hitler,<ref name="Schwarz"><cite class="citation book">Schwarz, Birgit (2009). ''Geniewahn: Hitler und die Kunst''. Böhlau Verlag Wien. p.&nbsp;312. [[International Standard Book Number|ISBN]]&nbsp;[[Special:BookSources/32-05783-07-7|<bdi>32-05783-07-7</bdi>]]. <q>Mehrere Gemälde aus dem Berghof befinden sich heute im Nationalmuseum in Warschau. Bordones Venus und Amor etwa (Abb. 100) ebenso wie der Madonnen-Tondo Bugiardinis (Abb. 62) oder ein großes Ruinenbild von Pannini, das in der verglasten Veranda gehangen hatte (Abb. 113).</q></cite><templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles></ref> đã được [[Đồng Minh chiếm đóng Đức|chính quyền Mỹ]] nhượng lại cho Bảo tàng ở Đức sau chiến tranh.<ref name="Lorentz"><cite class="citation book">Lorentz, Stanisław (1984). ''Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie: malarstwo''. Arkady. p.&nbsp;28. [[International Standard Book Number|ISBN]]&nbsp;[[Special:BookSources/83-21332-01-3|<bdi>83-21332-01-3</bdi>]].</cite><templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles></ref> Ngoài ra, bảo tàng cũng là quê hương của bộ sưu tập nghiên cứu tiền đúc, của một phòng trưng bày của [[mỹ thuật ứng dụng]] và của một bộ phận của nghệ thuật phương Đông, với bộ sưu tập lớn nhất của nghệ thuật Trung Quốc tại Ba Lan, bao gồm 5.000 hiện vật.<ref name="Oriental"><cite class="citation web">[https://web.archive.org/web/20120927022640/http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/en/collections/study_collection/oriental_art_collection/ "Oriental Art Collection"]. ''mnw.art.pl''. Archived from [http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/en/collections/study_collection/oriental_art_collection/ the original] on 27 September 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2 March</span> 2013</span>.</cite><templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles></ref>
 
Niềm vinh dự của Bảo tàng là phòng trưng bày Faras với bộ sưu tập lớn nhất Châu Âu của nghệ thuật Cơ đốc người Nubian và phòng trưng bày của nghệ thuật thời Trung cổ với các đồ tạo tác từ tất cả các vùng lịch sử liên quan đến Ba Lan, được bổ sung bởi các tác phẩm chọn lọc ở các vùng miền khác ở Châu Âu.
== Ghi chú ==
{{Tham khảo|30em|refs=<ref name=info>{{cite web|title=Informacje dla zwiedzających |url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/o-muzeum/informacje-dla-zwiedzajacych/|work=mnw.art.pl|accessdate=3 March 2017}}</ref>
 
<ref name=visitors>{{cite web |title=Dane frekwencyjne |url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/o-muzeum/struktura-mnw/dane-frekwencyjne/ |work=www.mnw.art.pl |accessdate=3 March 2017}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Schwarz>{{cite book |first=Birgit |last=Schwarz |title=Geniewahn: Hitler und die Kunst |year=2009 |page=312|chapter= |chapterurl= |publisher=Böhlau Verlag Wien |isbn=32-05783-07-7 |url= |quote=Mehrere Gemälde aus dem Berghof befinden sich heute im Nationalmuseum in Warschau. Bordones Venus und Amor etwa (Abb. 100) ebenso wie der Madonnen-Tondo Bugiardinis (Abb. 62) oder ein großes Ruinenbild von Pannini, das in der verglasten Veranda gehangen hatte (Abb. 113).}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Lorentz>{{cite book |first=Stanisław|last=Lorentz |title=Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie: malarstwo |year=1984 |page=28 |chapter= |chapterurl= |publisher=Arkady |isbn=83-21332-01-3 |url= }}</ref>
 
<ref name=visitors>{{cite web |title=Dane frekwencyjne |url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/o-muzeum/struktura-mnw/dane-frekwencyjne/ |work=www.mnw.art.pl |accessdate=3 March 2017}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Oriental>{{cite web|title=Oriental Art Collection|url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/en/collections/study_collection/oriental_art_collection/|work=mnw.art.pl|accessdate=2 March 2013|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120927022640/http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/en/collections/study_collection/oriental_art_collection/|archivedate=27 September 2012|df=}}</ref>
 
<ref name=warsawtour1>{{cite web |title=National Museum (Muzeum Narodowe) |url=http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/tourist-attractions/national-museum-muzeum-narodowe-1873.html |work=www.warsawtour.pl |accessdate=20 October 2013 |quote=The most unique are the Faras Gallery (the largest European collection of artefacts of the Nubian culture and art from the early-Christian period), the Medieval Art Gallery (unique sculptures, panel paintings and goldsmithery from all regions historically related to Poland in medieval times completed with medieval works of art created in other regions of Europe) and the largest Polish painting "Battle of Grunwald" by Jan Matejko (426 x 987 cm). (...) Behind the building, there is a picturesque park located at the Vistula Slope near Książęca Street. Back in the past, the park served as gardens of Prince Kazimierz Poniatowski (...) Prof. Lorentz headed the National Museum in Warsaw in 1936-1982 and is known for saving many valuable works of art during World War II |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131007071641/http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/tourist-attractions/national-museum-muzeum-narodowe-1873.html |archive-date=7 October 2013 |dead-url=yes |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
<ref name=warsaw_accuses>{{cite book|title=Warszawa oskarża (Warsaw accuses)|year=1945|page=44|pages=|chapter=|chapterurl=|publisher=Ministerstwo Kultury i Sztuki i Ministerstwo Odbudowy Kraju|location=|isbn=|url=http://www.ojczyzna.pl/ARTYKULY/Warszawa-Oskarza.htm|accessdate=|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120225173319/http://www.ojczyzna.pl/ARTYKULY/Warszawa-Oskarza.htm|archive-date=2012-02-25|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref>
<ref name=Kuhnke>{{cite book |author=Monika Kuhnke |title=Przyczynek do historii wojennych grabieży dzieł sztuki w Polsce. Druga wojna światowa (Contribution to the history of looting in Europe. World War II) |year= |page=|pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |url=|format= |accessdate=|language=pl}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Trosborg>{{cite book |author=Anna Trosborg |title=Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints, and Apologies |year=1995 |page=497 |pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |publisher=Walter de Gruyter |location= |isbn=31-10144-68-9 |url= |format= |accessdate= |quote=Compare the foreign partitioning powers in the nineteenth century, the Nazi occupation during World War II, the Soviet-imposed communist regime in post-war Poland.}}</ref>
<ref name=warsawtour1>{{cite web |title=National Museum (Muzeum Narodowe) |url=http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/tourist-attractions/national-museum-muzeum-narodowe-1873.html |work=www.warsawtour.pl |accessdate=20 October 2013 |quote=The most unique are the Faras Gallery (the largest European collection of artefacts of the Nubian culture and art from the early-Christian period), the Medieval Art Gallery (unique sculptures, panel paintings and goldsmithery from all regions historically related to Poland in medieval times completed with medieval works of art created in other regions of Europe) and the largest Polish painting "Battle of Grunwald" by Jan Matejko (426 x 987 cm). (...) Behind the building, there is a picturesque park located at the Vistula Slope near Książęca Street. Back in the past, the park served as gardens of Prince Kazimierz Poniatowski (...) Prof. Lorentz headed the National Museum in Warsaw in 1936-1982 and is known for saving many valuable works of art during World War II |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131007071641/http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/tourist-attractions/national-museum-muzeum-narodowe-1873.html |archive-date=7 October 2013 |dead-url=yes |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
<ref name=Hambura>{{cite book |author=Stefan Hambura |title=Reparacje wojenne w stosunkach polsko-niemieckich (War reparations in Polish-German relations)|year=2004 |pages=5–6 |chapter=Ekspertyza BSiE nr 302. IP-105 P |chapterurl= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |url=http://biurose.sejm.gov.pl/teksty_pdf_04/e-302.pdf |format= |accessdate=9 March 2013}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Trosborg>{{cite book |author=Anna Trosborg |title=Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints, and Apologies |year=1995 |page=497 |pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |publisher=Walter de Gruyter |location= |isbn=31-10144-68-9 |url= |format= |accessdate= |quote=Compare the foreign partitioning powers in the nineteenth century, the Nazi occupation during World War II, the Soviet-imposed communist regime in post-war Poland.}}</ref>
 
<ref name=polskalokalna>{{cite web |title=Nie zbadają zabytków w Bazylice Mariackiej. Wyjazd odwołano |url=http://polskalokalna.pl/news/nie-zbadaja-zabytkow-w-bazylice-mariackiej-wyjazd-odwolano,1600757 |work=polskalokalna.pl |accessdate=9 March 2013 |quote=W komunikacie przypomniano, że "Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie jest właścicielem tzw. "depozytów gdańskich" na mocy Ustawy z 6 maja 1945 r. o majątkach opuszczonych i porzuconych (Dz. U. z 1945, Nr 17, poz. 97 ze zmianami) oraz Dekretu z 8 marca 1946 r. o majątkach opuszczonych i poniemieckich (Dz. U. z 1946, Nr 13, poz. 87 ze zmianami), jak również Ustawy z 25 lutego 1958 r. o uregulowaniu stanu prawnego mienia pozostającego pod zarządem państwowym (Dz. U. z 1958, Nr 11, poz. 37)".}}</ref>
 
<ref name=homoerotic>{{cite web |author=Emilie Prattico |title=Ars Homo Erotica: 'bring the toilet to Warsaw national museum'|url=http://www.cafebabel.co.uk/culture/article/ars-homo-erotica-bring-the-toilet-to-warsaw-national-museum.html |work=www.cafebabel.co.uk |accessdate=26 February 2017 |quote=The Ars Homo Erotica exhibition opened days before the presidential elections on 20 June. It's the first art show at the largest museum of the capital to gather representations of homoeroticism in eastern Europe. When he took the national museum's helm in 2009, director Piotr Piotrowski's explicit intention was to revitalise the traditional institution.}}</ref>
 
<ref name=19century>{{cite web|title=Galeria Sztuki XIX Wieku|url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/pl/galerie/galerie_stale/galeria_sztuki_xix_wieku/|work=mnw.art.pl|accessdate=5 July 2012|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120604003415/http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/pl/galerie/galerie_stale/galeria_sztuki_xix_wieku|archivedate=4 June 2012|df=}}</ref>
 
<ref name=warsawtour>{{cite web |title=Warsaw Top 10 |url=http://www.warsawtour.pl/sites/default/files/repozytorium/broszury/en/top_10_gb_2012.pdf |work=Warsaw tour Edition nr 5, 2012 |page=20 |accessdate=1 March 2013 |quote=The National Museum in Warsaw is also one of the most modern in Europe. Computer-led LED lighting is a feature of only select museums and galleries in Germany and the UK. The LED system allows to adjust the light to every painting so that its unique qualities are enhanced. |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130309204514/http://www.warsawtour.pl/sites/default/files/repozytorium/broszury/en/top_10_gb_2012.pdf |archive-date=9 March 2013 |dead-url=yes |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
<ref name=19century>{{cite web|title=Galeria Sztuki XIX Wieku|url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/pl/galerie/galerie_stale/galeria_sztuki_xix_wieku/|work=mnw.art.pl|accessdate=5 July 2012|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120604003415/http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/pl/galerie/galerie_stale/galeria_sztuki_xix_wieku|archivedate=4 June 2012|df=}}</ref>
 
<ref name=20century>{{cite web|title=Galeria Sztuki XX i XXI Wieku|url=http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/pl/galerie/galerie_stale/galeria_sztuki_xx_i_xxi_wieku/|work=mnw.art.pl|accessdate=1 March 2013|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130120052531/http://www.mnw.art.pl/index.php/pl/galerie/galerie_stale/galeria_sztuki_xx_i_xxi_wieku/|archivedate=20 January 2013|df=}}</ref>