Khác biệt giữa các bản “Danh sách các ngày quốc khánh trên thế giới”

n
replaced: Soviet UnionLiên Xô (12), RussiaNga, NetherlandsHà Lan (3), ChinaTrung Quốc (3), ]] and và [[ (5), [[Portugal]] → Bồ Đào Nha (7), [[Spa using [[Project:AWB|AWB]]
(.)
n (replaced: Soviet UnionLiên Xô (12), RussiaNga, NetherlandsHà Lan (3), ChinaTrung Quốc (3), ]] and và [[ (5), [[Portugal]] → Bồ Đào Nha (7), [[Spa using [[Project:AWB|AWB]])
|28 tháng 5
|1918
|Declaration of independence from [[RussianĐế Empirequốc Nga]] in 1918.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|[[Independence Day (Armenia)|Independence Day]]
|21 tháng9
|1991
|Independence from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|-
|{{flag|Austria}}
|28 tháng 5
|1918
|Independence from the [[RussianĐế Empirequốc Nga]] in 1918 and declaration of the Republic.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|[[Independence Day (Azerbaijan)|Independence Day]]
|18 tháng 10
|1991
|Independence re-declared from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Bahamas|name=Bahamas, The}}
|The [[Minsk Offensive|liberation of Minsk]] after several years of German occupation in 1944.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|BelgiumBỉ}}
|[[Belgian National Day]]
|21 tháng 7
|6 tháng 8
|1825
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1825.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Bosnia and Herzegovina}}
|3 tháng 3
|1878
|Independence from the [[OttomanĐế Empirequốc Ottoman]] in 1878.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Burkina Faso}}
|{{sort|07-01|July 1}}
|1962
|Independence from [[BelgiumBỉ]] in 1962.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Cambodia}}
|{{sort|01-01|January 1}}
|1960
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] and [[United Kingdom]] in 1960.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Canada}}
|{{sort|07-05|July 5}}
|1975
|Independence from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] in 1975.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Catalonia}}
|{{sort|02-12|February 12}}
|1818
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1818.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Colombia}}
|{{sort|07-20|July 20 and August 7}}
|1810 and 1819
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1810.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Comoros}}
|{{sort|06-30|June 30}}
|1960
|Independence from [[BelgiumBỉ]] in 1960.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Republic of the Congo|name=Congo, Republic of the}}
|{{sort|09-15|September 15}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|-
|{{flag|Côte d’Ivoire}}
|{{sort|10-10|October 10}}
|1868
|Beginning of Ten Years War for independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]].
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Cyprus}}
|{{sort|10-28|October 28}}
|1918
|As [[CzechoslovakiaTiệp Khắc]], marking foundation and declaration of independence from [[Austria-Hungary]] on October 28, 1918.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|
|{{sort|01-01|January 1}}
|1993
|As the [[CzechCộng Republichòa Séc]] after the split of [[CzechoslovakiaTiệp Khắc]] in 1993.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Djibouti}}
|{{sort|02-27|February 27}}
|1821 and 1844
|Independence from Spain on December 1821.<ref name="embassy">{{cite web|url=http://www.domrep.org/gen_info.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150626100357/http://www.domrep.org/gen_info.html|archivedate=2015-06-26|title=Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States|accessdate=February 27, 2009}}</ref> Independence re-declared from [[Haiti]] in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|East Timor}}
|{{sort|05-20|May 20}}
|2002
|Independence from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| rowspan="2" |{{flag|Ecuador}}
|{{sort|08-10|August 10}}
|1809
|Proclaimed independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|
|{{sort|09-15|September 15}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Equatorial Guinea}}
|{{sort|10-12|October 12}}
|1968
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1968.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Eritrea}}
|{{sort|02-24|February 24}}
|1918
|[[Estonian Independence Day|Independence]] from the [[RussianĐế Empirequốc Nga]] in 1918.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|Day of Restoration of Independence<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=https://estonianworld.com/life/estonia-celebrates-the-day-of-restoration-of-independence/|title=Estonia celebrates the Day of Restoration of Independence|date=2017-08-20|website=Estonian World|language=en-GB|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190714155538/https://estonianworld.com/life/estonia-celebrates-the-day-of-restoration-of-independence/|archive-date=2019-07-14|dead-url=no|access-date=2019-08-18}}</ref>
|{{sort|08-20|August 20}}
|1991
|Independence re-declared from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.<ref name=":0" />
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Eswatini|name=Eswatini}}
|{{sort|12-06|December 6}}
|1917
|Independence from [[RussiaNga]] in 1917. Recognized on January 4, 1918.
|-
|{{flag|Flanders}}
|Flemish national day
|-
|{{Flag|FrancePháp}}
|[[Bastille Day]]
|{{sort|07-14|July 14}}
|{{sort|08-17|August 17}}
|1960
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1960.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|The Gambia|name=Gambia, The}}
|{{sort|04-09|April 9}}
|1991
|Independence from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Ghana}}
|{{sort|03-25|March 25}}
|1821
|Declaration of independence from [[OttomanĐế Empirequốc Ottoman]] in 1821. Start of the [[Greek War of Independence]].
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Grenada}}
|{{sort|09-15|September 15}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Guinea}}
|{{sort|09-24|September 24}}
|1973
|Declaration of independence from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] in 1973.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Guyana}}
|{{sort|01-01|January 1}}
|1804
|Declaration of independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1804.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Honduras}}
|{{sort|09-15|September 15}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Hong Kong}}
|{{sort|07-01|July 1}}
|1997
|Transfer of sovereignty from the [[United Kingdom]] to [[ChinaTrung Quốc]] in 1997.
|-
|{{Flag|Hungary}}
|{{sort|08-17|August 17}}
|1945
|[[Proclamation of Indonesian Independence|Declaration of Independence]] day (''Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.'') from the [[NetherlandsHà Lan]] on August 17, 1945. The [[NetherlandsHà Lan]] acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949. The Dutch government formally acknowledged August 17, 1945 as the only true date of Indonesian Independence in 2008.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.detiknews.com/read/2008/09/05/180222/1001252/10/pertama-dalam-sejarah-pm-belanda-hadiri-resepsi-hut-ri-17-8|title=detikNews - Berita hari ini di Indonesia dan Internasional|publisher=}}</ref>{{failed verification|date=February 2019}}
|-
|{{Flag|Iran}}
|{{sort|12-16|December 16}}
|1991
|Independence from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Kenya}}
|{{sort|10-22|October 22}}
|1953
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] on October 22, 1953.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
| rowspan="2" |{{flag|Latvia}}
|{{sort|11-18|November 18}}
|1918
|Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of [[RussianĐế Empirequốc Nga]] prior to the WWI, but its territory [[Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (Russia–Central Powers)|had been ceded]] to [[German Empire]] in March 1918
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|
|{{sort|05-04|May 4}}
|1990
|Restoration of independence from [[SovietLiên Union]] on May 4, 1990.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Lebanon}}
|{{sort|11-22|November 22}}
|1943
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1943.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Lesotho}}
|{{sort|02-16|February 16}}
|1918
|[[Act of Independence of Lithuania]]: Independence from the [[Russian Empire|Russian]] and [[German Empire|German Empires]]s in February 1918.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|
|{{sort|03-11|March 11}}
|1990
|[[Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania]]: independence from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in March 1990.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Macao}}
|{{sort|12-20|December 20}}
|1999
|Transfer of sovereignty from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] to [[ChinaTrung Quốc]] in 1999.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Madagascar}}
|{{sort|09-22|September 22}}
|1960
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1960.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Malta}}
|{{sort|09-16|September 16}}
|1810
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] declared in 1810. ("grito" ceremony at night of Sep 15; military parade at midday of Sep 16). Recognized on September 27, 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Moldova}}
|{{sort|08-27|August 27}}
|1991
|[[Moldovan Declaration of Independence|Declaration of Independence]] from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Mongolia}}
|{{sort|11-18|November 18}}
|1956
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] and [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1956.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Mozambique}}
|{{sort|06-25|June 25}}
|1975
|Independence from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] in 1975.
|-
|{{Flag|Myanmar}}
|{{sort|03-21|March 21}}
|1990
|Independence from [[SouthNam AfricaPhi]] mandated in 1990.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Nauru}}
|{{sort|7-26|July 26}}
|1581
|Declaration of Independence from [[Spanish Empire]] in 1581 as the [[DutchCộng Republichòa Hà Lan]].
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Nicaragua}}
|{{sort|09-15|September 15}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Niger}}
|{{sort|05-17|May 17}}
|1814
|Independence from [[DenmarkĐan Mạch]] (1814) and the [[Constitution of Norway]] (May 17, 1814).
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|Independence Day/[[Union Dissolution Day]]
|{{sort|06-07|June 7}}
|1905
|Gained independence from [[SwedenThụy Điển]] in 1905. The [[Norwegian Royal Family]]'s return from [[exile]] during WWII in 1945.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Oman}}
|{{sort|11-18|November 18}}
|1650
|Independence from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] in 1650.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Pakistan}}
|{{sort|11-28|November 28}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|
|{{sort|05-15|May 15}}
|1811
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1811.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2013/05/209322.htm?goMobile=0|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151129124214/https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2013/05/209322.htm?goMobile=0|dead-url=yes|archive-date=2015-11-29|title=Paraguay Independence Day|publisher=}}</ref>
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Peru}}
|{{sort|07-28|July 28}}
|1821
|Independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1821.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Philippines}}
|{{sort|06-12|June 12}}
|1898
|Commemorates [[Philippine Declaration of Independence|1898 declaration]] by [[Emilio Aguinaldo]] during the [[Philippine Revolution]] against [[SpainTây Ban Nha]]. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the [[UnitedHoa StatesKỳ]] on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964.{{#tag:Ref|In 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal signed a proclamation which declared Tuesday, June 12, 1962 as a special public holiday in commemoration of the declaration of independence from Spain on that date in 1898. That proclamation did not move the date of the Independence Day holiday in the Philippines.<ref>{{Citation
|url=http://www.bibingka.com/phg/documents/jun12.htm
|title=Proclamation No. 28 Declaring June 12 as Philippine Independence Day
|Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of [[Partitions of Poland|partitions]] by [[Russian Empire|Russia]], [[Kingdom of Prussia|Prussia]], and [[Habsburg Monarchy|Austria]].
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|PortugalBồ Đào Nha}}
|Restoration of Independence Day
|{{sort|12-01|December 1}}
|1640
|Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 - date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from [[Iberian Union]] with [[SpainTây Ban Nha]].<ref>The country's original independence (from the [[Kingdom of León]]) occurred in June 24, 1128 ([[Battle of São Mamede]]) and was recognized on October 5, 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. [[5 October 1910 revolution|Event of 1910]].) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.</ref>
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Qatar}}
|{{sort|05-09|May 9}}
|1877
|Romania's declaration of its independence, while the ultimately victorious [[Romanian War of Independence|independence war]] against the [[OttomanĐế Empirequốc Ottoman]] in [[Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)|1877–1878 alongside Russia]], was just beginning.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Cristea|first1=Irina Andreea|title=9 Mai - Ziua Independenţei de Stat a României|url=https://www.agerpres.ro/documentare/2018/05/09/9-mai-ziua-independentei-de-stat-a-romaniei--103952|accessdate=May 10, 2018|work=www.agerpres.ro|agency=[[Agerpres]]|date=May 9, 2018|language=ro}}</ref>
|-
|{{flag|RussiaNga}}
|[[Russia Day]]
|{{sort|06-12|June 12}}
|{{sort|07-01|July 1}}
|1962
|Independence from [[BelgiumBỉ]] in 1962.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Saint Kitts and Nevis}}
|{{sort|07-12|July 12}}
|1975
|Independence from [[PortugalBồ Đào Nha]] in 1975.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Senegal}}
|{{sort|04-04|April 4}}
|1960
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1960.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Serbia}}
|{{sort|02-15|February 15}}
|1804
|The beginning of [[First Serbian Uprising]] in 1804, it evolved into a [[Serbian Revolution]], war for independence from [[OttomanĐế Empirequốc Ottoman]]; and the adoption of the first [[Constitution of Serbia|Constitution]] in 1835.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Seychelles}}
|{{sort|07-17|July 17}}
|1992
|Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a [[Remembrance days in Slovakia|remembrance day]]), [[de jure]] independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of [[CzechoslovakiaTiệp Khắc]] ([[Public holidays in Slovakia|public holiday]]).
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Slovenia}}
|{{sort|01-01|January 1}}
|1956
|Independence from [[EgyptAi Cập]] and the [[United Kingdom]] in 1956.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Suriname}}
|{{sort|11-25|November 25}}
|1975
|Independence from the [[NetherlandsHà Lan]] in 1975.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|SwedenThụy Điển}}
|[[National Day of Sweden]]
|{{sort|06-06|June 6}}
|1523
|Celebrates the election of King [[Gustav Vasa]] in 1523 and the new constitutions in [[Instrument of Government (1809)|1809]] and [[Constitution of Sweden|1974]]. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the ''de facto'' end of the [[Kalmar Union]] and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Switzerland|size=23px}}
|{{sort|09-09|September 9}}
|1991
|Independence from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Tanzania}}
|{{sort|04-27|April 27}}
|1960
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1960.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Tibet}}
|{{sort|02-13|February 13}}
|1913
|Independence from [[Manchu people|Manchu]]'s [[Qing Dynasty]] in 1913. Later invaded in October 1950 by [[ChinaTrung Quốc]] and currently administered by China.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Tonga}}
|{{sort|03-20|March 20}}
|1956
|Independence from [[FrancePháp]] in 1956.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Turkmenistan}}
|{{sort|09-27|September 27}}
|1991
|Declaration of independence from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.<ref>{{cite book|title=Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan|last=Edgar|first=Adrienne Lynn|year=2004|publisher=[[Princeton University Press]]|location=Princeton|isbn=0-691-11775-6|page=1|quote=On October&nbsp;27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union.}}</ref>
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Tuvalu}}
|{{sort|08-24|August 24}}
|1991
|[[Declaration of Independence of Ukraine]] from the [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|[[Day of Unity of Ukraine]]
|Independence from the [[United Kingdom]] in 1971.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|{{flag|UnitedHoa StatesKỳ}}
|[[Independence Day (United States)|Independence Day]] or Fourth of July
|{{sort|07-04|July 4}}
|{{sort|09-01|September 1}}
|1991
|Independence from [[SovietLiên Union]] in 1991.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Vanuatu}}
|{{sort|07-30|July 30}}
|1980
|Independence from the [[United Kingdom]] and [[FrancePháp]] in 1980.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Venezuela}}
|{{sort|07-05|July 5}}
|1811
|Declaration of independence from [[SpainTây Ban Nha]] in 1811.
|- style="vertical-align: top;"
|{{flag|Vietnam}}
* {{cite web|url=https://www.un.org/en/members/holidays.shtml|title=National holiday of member states|publisher=[[United Nations]]|accessdate=June 14, 2011|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120702163851/http://www.un.org/en/members/holidays.shtml|archivedate=July 2, 2012|deadurl=yes|df=}}
 
== ExternalLiên linkskết ngoài ==
 
* {{Commons category inline|Independence Days}}