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Samhan refers to the three confederacies of [[Mahan]], [[Jinhan]], and [[Byeonhan]]. The Samhan were located in the southern region of the [[Korean Peninsula]]. These three confederacies eventually become the foundations, at which [[Baekje]], [[Silla]], and [[Gaya]] were established. Mahan was the largest and consisted of 54 states. Byeonhan and Jinhan both consisted of 12 states, bringing a total of 78 states within the Samhan. The term "Samhan" is later used to describe the [[Three Kingdoms of Korea]].
==Thời kỳ Tam quốc==
==Three Kingdoms period==
{{main|Three Kingdoms of Korea}}
===GoguryeoCao Cấu Ly===
{{main|GoguryeoCao Cấu Ly}}
[[Image:Goguryeo tomb mural.jpg|thumb|300px|An example of a [[Complex of Goguryeo Tombs|Goguryeo tomb mural]].]]
Goguryeo was founded the earliest and was the largest of the three. It was founded in 37 BC by [[Dongmyeongseong of Goguryeo|Jumong]] (posthumous name Dongmyeongseong). [[Taejo of Goguryeo|King Taejo]] was centralization. and Goguryeo was the first Korean kingdom to adopt Buddhism as the state religion in 372, under [[Sosurim of Goguryeo|King Sosurim]] reign.
However, numerous wars exhausted Goguryeo and it fell into a weak state. After internal power struggles, it was conquered by the allied Silla-Tang forces in 668.
===BaekjeBách Tề===
{{main|BaekjeBách Tề}}
[[Image:Baekje Diadem King 2.jpg|150px|thumb|One of the two [[Crown of Baekje|gold diadem ornaments]] worn by the Baekje King [[Muryeong of Baekje]].]]
[[Baekje]]'s foundation by King Onjo in 18 BCE [], as stated in the [[Samguk Sagi]] followed those of its neighbors and rivals, Goguryeo and Silla.
Baekje played a fundamental role in transmitting cultural developments, such as [[Chinese characters]], [[Buddhism]], iron-making, advanced [[pottery]], and ceremonial burial into ancient [[Japan]].<ref>"[ Korean Buddhism Basis of Japanese Buddhism]," ''Seoul Times'', June 18, 2006; "[ Buddhist Art of Korea & Japan]," Asia Society Museum; "[ Kanji],"; "[ Pottery]," MSN Encarta; "[ History of Japan],"</ref> Other aspects of culture were also transmitted when the Baekje court retreated to Japan after Baekje was conquered. Baekje was defeated by a coalition of Silla and [[Tang Dynasty]] forces in 660.
===SillaTân La===
{{main|SillaTân La}}
[[Image:Hwangnyongsa Pagoda miniature.jpg|190|thumb|Down-sized replica of the famous 80 meter tall pagoda at [[Hwangnyongsa]] Temple which was destroyed by the Mongols.]] According to legend, the kingdom [[Silla]] began with the unification of six chiefdoms of the [[Jinhan confederacy]] by [[Bak Hyeokgeose]] in 57 BCE, in the southeastern area of Korea. Its territory included the present-day port city of [[Busan]], and Silla later emerged as a sea power responsible for destroying Japanese pirates, especially during the [[Unified Silla]] period.
{{main|GayaLiên Confederacyminh Gaya}}
[[Image:Pressapochista17.jpg|200px|right|thumb|Gaya pottery]]
[[Gaya Confederacy|Gaya]] was a confederacy of chiefdoms in the [[Nakdong River]] valley of southern [[Korea]], growing out of the [[Byeonhan confederacy]] of the [[Samhan]] period. And one of the [[Three Kingdoms of Korea]]. Gaya progress ironware culture. In 562, Gaya ultimately absorbed into [[Silla]].

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