Khác biệt giữa bản sửa đổi của “Linh hoạt tính dục”

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*{{cite book|authors=Dennis Coon, John O. Mitterer|title=Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior with Concept Maps and Reviews|publisher=[[Cengage Learning]]|isbn=978-1111833633|year=2012|page=372|accessdate=February 18, 2016|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=EYwjCQAAQBAJ&pg=PA372|quote=Sexual orientation is a deep part of personal identity and is usually quite stable. Starting with their earliest erotic feelings, most people remember being attracted to either the opposite sex or the same sex. [...] The fact that sexual orientation is usually quite stable doesn't rule out the possibility that for some people sexual behavior may change during the course of a lifetime.}}
*{{cite journal | author = American Psychological Association | year = 2012 | title = Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients | journal = [[American Psychologist]] | volume = 67 | issue = 1 | pages = 10–42 | doi= 10.1037/a0024659 | pmid = 21875169 | quote = [S]ome research indicates that sexual orientation is fluid for some people; this may be especially true for women (e.g., Diamond, 2007; Golden, 1987; Peplau & Garnets, 2000). [...] Therapeutic efforts to change sexual orientation have increased and become more visible in recent years (Beckstead & Morrow, 2004). Therapeutic interventions intended to change, modify, or manage unwanted nonheterosexual orientations are referred to as “sexual orientation change efforts” (SOCE; APA, 2009b). [...] Reviews of the literature, spanning several decades, have consistently found that efforts to change sexual orientation were ineffective (APA, 2009b; Drescher, 2001; Haldeman, 1994; T. F. Murphy, 1992).|accessdate=June 23, 2019|url=https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/amp-a0024659.pdf}}
*{{cite book|authors=Eric Anderson, Mark McCormack|title=The Changing Dynamics of Bisexual Men's Lives|chapter=Measuring and Surveying Bisexuality|publisher= [[Springer Science & Business Media]]|isbn=978-3-319-29412-4|year=2016|page=47|accessdate=June 22, 2019|chapter-url=https://books.google.com/books?id=7_AgDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA47|quote=[R]esearch suggests that women's sexual orientation is slightly more likely to change than men's (Baumeister 2000; Kinnish et al. 2005). The notion that sexual orientation can change over time is known as ''sexual fluidity''. Even if sexual fluidity exists for some women, it does not mean that the majority of women will change sexual orientations as they age – rather, sexuality is stable over time for the majority of people.}}</ref> There is no scientific evidence that sexual orientation can be changed through [[psychotherapy]].<ref name="APA2012">{{cite journal | author = American Psychological Association | year = 2012 | title = Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients | journal = [[American Psychologist]] | volume = 67 | issue = 1 | pages = 10–42 | doi= 10.1037/a0024659 | pmid = 21875169 | quote = Therapeutic efforts to change sexual orientation have increased and become more visible in recent years (Beckstead & Morrow, 2004). Therapeutic interventions intended to change, modify, or manage unwanted nonheterosexual orientations are referred to as “sexual orientation change efforts” (SOCE; APA, 2009b). [...] Reviews of the literature, spanning several decades, have consistently found that efforts to change sexual orientation were ineffective (APA, 2009b; Drescher, 2001; Haldeman, 1994; T. F. Murphy, 1992).|accessdate=June 23, 2019|url=https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/amp-a0024659.pdf}}</ref><ref name="RCP">{{cite web|title=Royal College of Psychiatrists' Position Statement on Sexual Orientation|publisher=[[Royal College of Psychiatrists]]|accessdate=June 21, 2019|url=https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/PS02_2014.pdf|quote=The College believes strongly in evidence-based treatment. There is no sound scientific evidence that sexual orientation can be changed. Systematic reviews carried out by both the APA and Serovich ''et al'' suggest that studies which have shown conversion therapies to be successful are seriously methodologically flawed.}}</ref> Sexual identity can change throughout an individual's life, and may or may not align with [[biological sex]], [[sexual behavior]] or actual sexual orientation.<ref name="Sinclair">Sinclair, Karen, About Whoever: The Social Imprint on Identity and Orientation, NY, 2013 {{ISBN|9780981450513}}</ref><ref name="Rosario et al.">{{cite journal | last1 = Rosario | first1 = M. | last2 = Schrimshaw | first2 = E. | last3 = Hunter | first3 = J. |last4 = Braun | first4 = L. | year = 2006 | title = Sexual identity development among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: Consistency and change over time | journal = Journal of Sex Research | volume = 43 | issue = 1| pages = 46–58 | doi=10.1080/00224490609552298| pmid = 16817067 | pmc = 3215279 }}</ref><ref name="Concordance/discordance in SO">{{cite journal|first=Michael W.|last=Ross|author2=Essien, E. James |author3=Williams, Mark L. |author4= Fernandez-Esquer, Maria Eugenia. |title=Concordance Between Sexual Behavior and Sexual Identity in Street Outreach Samples of Four Racial/Ethnic Groups|publisher=American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association|year=2003|pmid=12567166|journal=Sexually Transmitted Diseases|volume=30|issue=2|pages=110–113|doi=10.1097/00007435-200302000-00003}}</ref> Không có bằng chứng khoa học nào cho thấy xu hướng tình dục có thể được thay đổi thông qua [[Tâm lý trị liệu|liệu pháp tâm lý]].<ref name="APA2012">{{Chú thích tạp chí|last=American Psychological Association|year=2012|title=Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients|url=https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/amp-a0024659.pdf|journal=[[American Psychologist]]|volume=67|issue=1|pages=10–42|doi=10.1037/a0024659|pmid=21875169|accessdate =ngày 23 tháng 6 năm 2019|quote=Therapeutic efforts to change sexual orientation have increased and become more visible in recent years (Beckstead & Morrow, 2004). Therapeutic interventions intended to change, modify, or manage unwanted nonheterosexual orientations are referred to as “sexual orientation change efforts” (SOCE; APA, 2009b). [...] Reviews of the literature, spanning several decades, have consistently found that efforts to change sexual orientation were ineffective (APA, 2009b; Drescher, 2001; Haldeman, 1994; T. F. Murphy, 1992).}}</ref><ref name="RCP">{{Chú thích web|url=https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/PS02_2014.pdf|tựa đề=Royal College of Psychiatrists' Position Statement on Sexual Orientation|tác giả=|họ=|tên=|ngày=|website=|nhà xuất bản=[[Royal College of Psychiatrists]]|url lưu trữ=|ngày lưu trữ=|url hỏng=|ngày truy cập=ngày 21 tháng 6 năm 2019|trích dẫn="Trường vô cùng tin tưởng vào các trị liệu được minh chứng. Không có một bằng chứng khoa học thuyết phục nào cho thấy xu hướng tính dục có thể bị thay đổi. Các đánh giá hệ thống thực hiện bởi cả APA và Serovich et al. cho thấy các nghiên cứu về sự thành công của trị liệu chuyển đổi đều mắc lỗi lớn về mặt phương pháp."}}</ref> Bản dạng giới tính có thể thay đổi trong suốt cuộc đời của một người, và có thể liên quan hoặc không liên quan với [[Giới tính|giới tính sinh học]], [[Hoạt động tình dục của con người|hành vi tình dục]] hoặc xu hướng tình dục thực.<ref name="Sinclair">Sinclair, Karen, About Whoever: The Social Imprint on Identity and Orientation, NY, 2013 {{ISBN|9780981450513}}</ref><ref name="Rosario et al.">{{Chú thích tạp chí|last=Rosario|first=M.|last2=Schrimshaw|first2=E.|last3=Hunter|first3=J.|last4=Braun|first4=L.|year=2006|title=Sexual identity development among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: Consistency and change over time|journal=Journal of Sex Research|volume=43|issue=1|pages=46–58|doi=10.1080/00224490609552298|pmc=3215279|pmid=16817067}}</ref><ref name="Concordance/discordance in SO">{{Chú thích tạp chí|last=Ross|first=Michael W.|last2=Essien, E. James|last3=Williams, Mark L.|last4=Fernandez-Esquer, Maria Eugenia.|year=2003|title=Concordance Between Sexual Behavior and Sexual Identity in Street Outreach Samples of Four Racial/Ethnic Groups|journal=Sexually Transmitted Diseases|publisher=American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association|volume=30|issue=2|pages=110–113|doi=10.1097/00007435-200302000-00003|pmid=12567166}}</ref>
 
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