Khác biệt giữa các bản “Tôm hùm”

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không có tóm lược sửa đổi
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'''Tôm hùm''' là một [[họ (sinh học)|họ]] [[sinh học]] ('''Nephropidae''', đôi khi gọi là '''Homaridae''') trong nhóm [[Động vật giáp xác]]. Tôm hùm có thân dài với cơ bắp ở đuôi. [[Môi trường sống]] của tôm thường là các khe, hang hốc dưới đáy [[biển]].
 
==Phân loài==
{{Multiple image
| width = 220
| header = Examples of Nephropidae
| direction = vertical
| align = right
| image1 = Acanthocaris tenuimana.jpg
| caption1 = ''[[Acanthacaris tenuimana]]''
| image2 = Metanephrops japonicus edit.jpg
| caption2 = ''[[Metanephrops japonicus]]''
| image3 = Nephropsis rosea.jpg
| caption3 = ''[[Nephropsis rosea]]''
}}
The [[fossil record]] of clawed lobsters extends back at least to the [[Valanginian|Valanginian Age]] of the [[Cretaceous]].<ref>{{cite journal |journal=[[Journal of Paleontology]] |year=2005 |volume=79 |issue=5 |pages=961–968 |doi=10.1666/0022-3360(2005)079[0961:HAANSO]2.0.CO;2 |title=''Hoploparia albertaensis'', a new species of clawed lobster (Nephropidae) from the Late Coniacean, shallow-marine Bad Heart Formation of northwestern Alberta, Canada |author=Dale Tshudy, W. Steven Donaldson, Christopher Collom, Rodney M. Feldmann & Carrie E. Schweitzer}}</ref> This list contains all extant species in the family Nephropidae:<ref>{{cite journal |author=Tin-Yam Chan |year=2010 |chapter=Annotated checklist of the world's marine lobsters (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacidea, Glypheidea, Achelata, Polychelida) |editor=Martyn E. Y. Low and S. H. Tan |title=Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea) and marine lobsters of the world |journal=[[Zootaxa]] |volume=Suppl. 23 |pages=153–181 |url=http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s23/s23rbz153-181.pdf |format=[[Portable Document Format|PDF]]}}</ref>
{{div col|colwidth=30em}}
*''[[Acanthacaris]]'' <small></small>
:*''[[Acanthacaris caeca]]'' <small>A. Milne-Edwards, 1881</small>
:*''[[Acanthacaris tenuimana]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
*''[[Dinochelus]]'' <small>Ahyong, Chan & Bouchet, 2010</small>
:*''[[Dinochelus ausubeli]]'' <small>Ahyong, Chan & Bouchet, 2010</small>
*''[[Eunephrops]]'' <small>Smith, 1885</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops bairdii]]'' <small>Smith, 1885</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops cadenasi]]'' <small>Chace, 1939</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops luckhursti]]'' <small>Manning, 1997</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops manningi]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
*''[[Homarinus]]'' <small>Kornfield, Williams & Steneck, 1995</small>
:*''[[Cape lobster|Homarinus capensis]]'' <small>(Herbst, 1792)</small> – Cape lobster
*''[[Homarus]]'' <small>Weber, 1795</small>
:*''[[American lobster|Homarus americanus]]'' <small>H. Milne-Edwards, 1837</small> – American lobster
:*''[[Homarus gammarus]]'' <small>(Linnaeus, 1758)</small> – European lobster
*''[[Metanephrops]]'' <small>Jenkins, 1972</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops andamanicus]]'' <small>(Wood-Mason, 1892)</small> – Andaman lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops arafurensis]]'' <small>(De Man, 1905)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops armatus]]'' <small>Chan & Yu, 1991</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops australiensis]]'' <small>(Bruce, 1966)</small> – Australian scampi
:*''[[Metanephrops binghami]]'' <small>(Boone, 1927)</small> – Caribbean lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops boschmai]]'' <small>(Holthuis, 1964)</small> – bight lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops challengeri]]'' <small>(Balss, 1914)</small> – New Zealand scampi
:*''[[Metanephrops formosanus]]'' <small>Chan & Yu, 1987</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops japonicus]]'' <small>(Tapparone-Canefri, 1873)</small> – Japanese lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops mozambicus]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1990</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops neptunus]]'' <small>(Bruce, 1965)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops rubellus]]'' <small>(Moreira, 1903)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops sagamiensis]]'' <small>(Parisi, 1917)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops sibogae]]'' <small>(De Man, 1916)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops sinensis]]'' <small>(Bruce, 1966)</small> – China lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops taiwanicus]]'' <small>(Hu, 1983)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops thomsoni]]'' <small>(Bate, 1888)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops velutinus]]'' <small>Chan & Yu, 1991</small>
*''[[Nephropides]]'' <small>Manning, 1969</small>
:*''[[Nephropides caribaeus]]'' <small>Manning, 1969</small>
*''[[Nephrops]]'' <small>Leach, 1814</small>
:*''[[Nephrops norvegicus]]'' <small>(Linnaeus, 1758)</small> – Norway lobster, Dublin Bay prawn, langoustine
*''[[Nephropsis]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1872</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis acanthura]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1990</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis aculeata]]'' <small>Smith, 1881</small> – Florida lobsterette
:*''[[Nephropsis agassizii]]'' <small>A. Milne-Edwards, 1880</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis atlantica]]'' <small>Norman, 1882</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis carpenteri]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1885</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis ensirostris]]'' <small>Alcock, 1901</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis holthuisii]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1993</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis malhaensis]]'' <small>Borradaile, 1910</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis neglecta]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis occidentalis]]'' <small>Faxon, 1893</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis rosea]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis serrata]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1993</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis stewarti]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1872</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis suhmi]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis sulcata]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1990</small>
*''[[Thaumastocheles]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1874</small>
:*''[[Thaumastocheles dochmiodon]]'' <small>Chan & Saint Laurent, 1999</small>
:*''[[Thaumastocheles japonicus]]'' <small>Calman, 1913</small>
:*''[[Thaumastocheles zaleucus]]'' <small>(Thomson, 1873)</small>
*''[[Thaumastochelopsis]]'' <small>Bruce, 1988</small>
:*''[[Thaumastochelopsis brucei]]'' <small>Ahyong, Chu & Chan, 2007</small>
:*''[[Thaumastochelopsis wardi]]'' <small>Bruce, 1988</small>
*''[[Thymopides]]'' <small>Burukovsky & Averin, 1977</small>
:*''[[Thymopides grobovi]]'' <small>(Burukovsky & Averin, 1976)</small>
:*''[[Thymopides laurentae]]'' <small>Segonzac & Macpherson, 2003</small>
*''[[Thymops]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
:*''[[Thymops birsteini]]'' <small>(Zarenkov & Semenov, 1972)</small>
*''[[Thymopsis nilenta|Thymopsis]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
:*''[[Thymopsis nilenta]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
{{div col end}}
 
 
==Tham khảo==