Khác biệt giữa các bản “Tôm hùm”

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(Reverted to revision 6780065 by Meotrangden: thong tin them vao khong chinh xac cho tua nay. (TW))
'''Tôm hùm''' trong tiếng Việt có thể là:
{{other uses}}
#Các loài trong họ [[Họ Tôm hùm càng]] (Nephropidae).
{{Taxobox
#Các loài trong họ [[Họ Tôm hùm|Họ Tôm hùm không càng]] hay [[họ Tôm rồng]] hoặc [[họ Tôm hùm gai]] (Palinuridae). Các loài tôm hùm có ở vùng biển Việt Nam thuộc họ này.
| fossil_range = {{fossil range|Valanginian|Recent}}
| image = Bugre americanu.jpg
| image_caption = [[American lobster]], ''Homarus americanus''
| regnum = [[Animalia]]
| phylum = [[Arthropoda]]
| subphylum = [[Crustacean|Crustacea]]
| classis = [[Malacostraca]]
| ordo = [[Decapoda]]
| infraordo = [[Astacidea]]
| familia = '''Nephropidae'''
| familia_authority = [[James Dwight Dana|Dana]], 1852
| subdivision_ranks = [[Genus|Genera]]&nbsp;<ref name="Grave">{{cite journal |author=Sammy De Grave, N. Dean Pentcheff, Shane T. Ahyong ''et al.'' |year=2009 |title=A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans |journal=[[Raffles Bulletin of Zoology]] |volume=Suppl. 21 |pages=1–109 |url=http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s21/s21rbz1-109.pdf |format=[[Portable Document Format|PDF]]}}</ref>
| subdivision =
*''[[Acanthacaris]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
*''[[Eunephrops]]'' <small>Smith, 1885</small>
*''[[Cape lobster|Homarinus]]'' <small>Kornfield, Williams & Steneck, 1995</small>
*''[[Homarus]]'' <small>Weber, 1795</small>
*''[[Hoploparia]]'' † <small>M’Coy, 1849</small>
*''[[Jagtia]]'' † <small>Tshudy & Sorhannus, 2000</small>
*''[[Metanephrops]]'' <small>Jenkins, 1972</small>
*''[[Nephropides]]'' <small>Manning, 1969</small>
*''[[Nephrops]]'' <small>Leach, 1814</small>
*''[[Nephropsis]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1873</small>
*''[[Oncopareia]]'' † <small>Bosquet, 1854</small>
*''[[Palaeonephrops]]'' † <small>Mertin, 1941</small>
*''[[Paraclythia]]'' † <small>Fritsch & Kafka, 1887</small>
*''[[Pseudohomarus]]'' † <small>van Hoepen, 1962</small>
*''[[Thaumastocheles]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1874</small>
*''[[Thaumastochelopsis]]'' <small>Bruce, 1988</small>
*''[[Thymopides]]'' <small>Burukovsky & Averin, 1977</small>
*''[[Thymops]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
*''[[Thymopsis nilenta|Thymopsis]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
}}
 
{{định hướng}}
'''Tôm hùm''' là một [[họ (sinh học)|họ]] [[sinh học]] ('''Nephropidae''', đôi khi gọi là '''Homaridae''') trong nhóm [[Động vật giáp xác]]. Tôm hùm có thân dài với cơ bắp ở đuôi. [[Môi trường sống]] của tôm thường là các khe, hang hốc dưới đáy [[biển]].
 
==Phân loài==
{{Multiple image
| width = 220
| header = Các ví dụ về Nephropidae
| direction = vertical
| align = right
| image1 = Acanthocaris tenuimana.jpg
| caption1 = ''[[Acanthacaris tenuimana]]''
| image2 = Metanephrops japonicus edit.jpg
| caption2 = ''[[Metanephrops japonicus]]''
| image3 = Nephropsis rosea.jpg
| caption3 = ''[[Nephropsis rosea]]''
}}
The [[fossil record]] of clawed lobsters extends back at least to the [[Valanginian|Valanginian Age]] of the [[Cretaceous]].<ref>{{cite journal |journal=[[Journal of Paleontology]] |year=2005 |volume=79 |issue=5 |pages=961–968 |doi=10.1666/0022-3360(2005)079[0961:HAANSO]2.0.CO;2 |title=''Hoploparia albertaensis'', a new species of clawed lobster (Nephropidae) from the Late Coniacean, shallow-marine Bad Heart Formation of northwestern Alberta, Canada |author=Dale Tshudy, W. Steven Donaldson, Christopher Collom, Rodney M. Feldmann & Carrie E. Schweitzer}}</ref> This list contains all extant species in the family Nephropidae:<ref>{{cite journal |author=Tin-Yam Chan |year=2010 |chapter=Annotated checklist of the world's marine lobsters (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacidea, Glypheidea, Achelata, Polychelida) |editor=Martyn E. Y. Low and S. H. Tan |title=Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea) and marine lobsters of the world |journal=[[Zootaxa]] |volume=Suppl. 23 |pages=153–181 |url=http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/s23/s23rbz153-181.pdf |format=[[Portable Document Format|PDF]]}}</ref>
{{div col|colwidth=30em}}
*''[[Acanthacaris]]'' <small></small>
:*''[[Acanthacaris caeca]]'' <small>A. Milne-Edwards, 1881</small>
:*''[[Acanthacaris tenuimana]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
*''[[Dinochelus]]'' <small>Ahyong, Chan & Bouchet, 2010</small>
:*''[[Dinochelus ausubeli]]'' <small>Ahyong, Chan & Bouchet, 2010</small>
*''[[Eunephrops]]'' <small>Smith, 1885</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops bairdii]]'' <small>Smith, 1885</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops cadenasi]]'' <small>Chace, 1939</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops luckhursti]]'' <small>Manning, 1997</small>
:*''[[Eunephrops manningi]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
*''[[Homarinus]]'' <small>Kornfield, Williams & Steneck, 1995</small>
:*''[[Cape lobster|Homarinus capensis]]'' <small>(Herbst, 1792)</small> – Cape lobster
*''[[Homarus]]'' <small>Weber, 1795</small>
:*''[[American lobster|Homarus americanus]]'' <small>H. Milne-Edwards, 1837</small> – American lobster
:*''[[Homarus gammarus]]'' <small>(Linnaeus, 1758)</small> – European lobster
*''[[Metanephrops]]'' <small>Jenkins, 1972</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops andamanicus]]'' <small>(Wood-Mason, 1892)</small> – Andaman lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops arafurensis]]'' <small>(De Man, 1905)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops armatus]]'' <small>Chan & Yu, 1991</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops australiensis]]'' <small>(Bruce, 1966)</small> – Australian scampi
:*''[[Metanephrops binghami]]'' <small>(Boone, 1927)</small> – Caribbean lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops boschmai]]'' <small>(Holthuis, 1964)</small> – bight lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops challengeri]]'' <small>(Balss, 1914)</small> – New Zealand scampi
:*''[[Metanephrops formosanus]]'' <small>Chan & Yu, 1987</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops japonicus]]'' <small>(Tapparone-Canefri, 1873)</small> – Japanese lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops mozambicus]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1990</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops neptunus]]'' <small>(Bruce, 1965)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops rubellus]]'' <small>(Moreira, 1903)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops sagamiensis]]'' <small>(Parisi, 1917)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops sibogae]]'' <small>(De Man, 1916)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops sinensis]]'' <small>(Bruce, 1966)</small> – China lobster
:*''[[Metanephrops taiwanicus]]'' <small>(Hu, 1983)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops thomsoni]]'' <small>(Bate, 1888)</small>
:*''[[Metanephrops velutinus]]'' <small>Chan & Yu, 1991</small>
*''[[Nephropides]]'' <small>Manning, 1969</small>
:*''[[Nephropides caribaeus]]'' <small>Manning, 1969</small>
*''[[Nephrops]]'' <small>Leach, 1814</small>
:*''[[Nephrops norvegicus]]'' <small>(Linnaeus, 1758)</small> – Norway lobster, Dublin Bay prawn, langoustine
*''[[Nephropsis]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1872</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis acanthura]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1990</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis aculeata]]'' <small>Smith, 1881</small> – Florida lobsterette
:*''[[Nephropsis agassizii]]'' <small>A. Milne-Edwards, 1880</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis atlantica]]'' <small>Norman, 1882</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis carpenteri]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1885</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis ensirostris]]'' <small>Alcock, 1901</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis holthuisii]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1993</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis malhaensis]]'' <small>Borradaile, 1910</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis neglecta]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis occidentalis]]'' <small>Faxon, 1893</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis rosea]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis serrata]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1993</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis stewarti]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1872</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis suhmi]]'' <small>Bate, 1888</small>
:*''[[Nephropsis sulcata]]'' <small>Macpherson, 1990</small>
*''[[Thaumastocheles]]'' <small>Wood-Mason, 1874</small>
:*''[[Thaumastocheles dochmiodon]]'' <small>Chan & Saint Laurent, 1999</small>
:*''[[Thaumastocheles japonicus]]'' <small>Calman, 1913</small>
:*''[[Thaumastocheles zaleucus]]'' <small>(Thomson, 1873)</small>
*''[[Thaumastochelopsis]]'' <small>Bruce, 1988</small>
:*''[[Thaumastochelopsis brucei]]'' <small>Ahyong, Chu & Chan, 2007</small>
:*''[[Thaumastochelopsis wardi]]'' <small>Bruce, 1988</small>
*''[[Thymopides]]'' <small>Burukovsky & Averin, 1977</small>
:*''[[Thymopides grobovi]]'' <small>(Burukovsky & Averin, 1976)</small>
:*''[[Thymopides laurentae]]'' <small>Segonzac & Macpherson, 2003</small>
*''[[Thymops]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
:*''[[Thymops birsteini]]'' <small>(Zarenkov & Semenov, 1972)</small>
*''[[Thymopsis nilenta|Thymopsis]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
:*''[[Thymopsis nilenta]]'' <small>Holthuis, 1974</small>
{{div col end}}
 
==Tham khảo==
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{{tham khảo}}
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==Liên kết ngoài==
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{{commons category|Nephropidae}}
{{Portal|Crustaceans}}
* {{Cite book |year=1991 |url=http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/bis/lobsters.php?menuentry=inleiding |title=Marine Lobsters of the World |author=Lipke Holthuis |publisher=[[Food and Agriculture Organization]] |authorlink=Lipke Holthuis}}
* [http://www.lobsterscience.ca/ Atlantic Veterinary College Lobster Science Centre]
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[[Thể loại:Tôm]]
[[Category:Đồ ăn biển]]
 
[[ang:Loppestre]]
[[ar:كركند]]
[[bn:গলদা-চিংড়ি]]
[[be:Амары]]
[[be-x-old:Амары]]
[[bcl:Banagan]]
[[bg:Омар]]
[[ca:Nefròpid]]
[[cs:Humrovití]]
[[de:Hummerartige]]
[[el:Αστακός (μαλακόστρακο)]]
[[es:Langosta (crustáceo)]]
[[eo:Omaro]]
[[fa:خرچنگ دریایی]]
[[fr:Nephropidae]]
[[hak:Liùng-hâ]]
[[hi:झींगा मछली (लॉब्स्टर)]]
[[id:Lobster]]
[[is:Humrar]]
[[it:Nephropidae]]
[[he:לובסטר]]
[[jv:Lobster]]
[[lt:Omaras]]
[[ml:കൊഞ്ച്]]
[[ms:Udang karang]]
[[nl:Zeekreeften]]
[[ja:ロブスター]]
[[no:Hummere]]
[[nn:Hummarfamilien]]
[[pl:Homary]]
[[pt:Nephropidae]]
[[ru:Омары]]
[[simple:Lobster]]
[[fi:Hummerit]]
[[sv:Hummer]]
[[tl:Ulang]]
[[te:ఎండ్రకాయ]]
[[tr:Istakoz]]
[[uk:Омар]]
[[ur:کَر کند]]
[[war:Tapusok]]
[[wuu:龙虾]]
[[diq:Kerkence]]
[[zh:海螯蝦]]