Peter Wilton Cushing, OBE  (26 tháng 5 năm 1913 - 11 tháng 8 năm 1994) là một diễn viên người Anh. Ông đã giành giải thưởng Nam diễn viên xuất sắc nhất của BAFTA năm 1956. Ông chủ yếu được biết đến với sự xuất hiện nhiều lần trong các phim của hãng Hammer Films, trong đó ông đóng các vai mạnh mẽ như nhà khoa học nham hiểm Baron Frankenstein, Sherlock Holmes và thợ săn ma cà rồng Dr. Van Helsing, ngoài ra còn nhiều vai khác. Trong phim ông thường xuyên đối đầu với Christopher Lee, và thỉnh thoảng với Vincent Price.  Một gương mặt quen thuộc ở cả hai bờ Đại Tây Dương, vai nổi tiếng nhất của Cushing ngoài các phim Hammer bao gồm Grand Moff Tarkin trong Star Wars (1977) và Dr. Who in Doctor Who and the Daleks (1965) và Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D. (1966). Các phim này dựa trên phim bộ truyền hình Doctor Who.

Peter Cushing

Tập tin:Peter Cushing in 1955.jpg
Cushing in 1955
SinhPeter Wilton Cushing
(1913-05-26)26 tháng 5 năm 1913
Kenley, Surrey, Anh
Mất11 tháng 8 năm 1994(1994-08-11) (81 tuổi)
Canterbury, Kent, Anh
Nguyên nhân mấtProstate cancer
Học vịShoreham College
Trường lớpGuildhall School of Music and Drama
Nghề nghiệpActor
Năm hoạt động1939–86
Quê quánPurley, Surrey
Phối ngẫu
Violet Helene Beck (ngày 8 tháng 2 năm 1905 – ngày 14 tháng 1 năm 1971) (cưới 1943–1971)
(her death)
Cha mẹGeorge Edward (1881-1956) and Nellie Maria (née King) Cushing (1882-1961)
Giải thưởngBritish Academy Television Award for Best Actor (1956)

Sự nghiệp sửa

Phim điện ảnh sửa

Năm Vai diễn
Ghi chú
The Man in the Iron Mask 1939 Second Officer Playing opposite Louis Hayward to facilitate the double exposure scenes, with a small role of his own
Laddie 1940 Robert Pryor
Vigil in the Night
A Chump at Oxford Student
Women in War Captain Evans (Uncredited role)
The Howards of Virginia Leslie Stephens (Uncredited role)
They Dare Not Love 1941 Sub-Lieutenant Blackler (Uncredited role)
Hamlet 1948 Osric
Moulin Rouge 1952 Marcel de la Voisier
The Black Knight 1954 Sir Palamides
The End of the Affair 1955 Henry Miles
Magic Fire Otto Wesendonk
Alexander the Great 1956 General Memnon
Time Without Pity 1957 Jeremy Clayton
The Curse of Frankenstein Victor Frankenstein
The Abominable Snowman Dr. Rollason
Violent Playground 1958 Priest
Dracula Doctor Van Helsing
The Revenge of Frankenstein Victor Frankenstein
The Hound of the Baskervilles 1959 Sherlock Holmes
John Paul Jones Captain Richard Pearson
The Mummy John Banning
The Flesh and the Fiends 1960 Dr. Robert Knox
Cone of Silence Captain Clive Judd
The Brides of Dracula Doctor Van Helsing
Suspect Professor Sewell
Sword of Sherwood Forest Sheriff of Nottingham
The Hellfire Club 1961 Merryweather
Fury at Smugglers' Bay Squire Trevenyan
The Naked Edge Mr. Evan Wrack
Cash on Demand Harry Fordyce
Captain Clegg 1962 Parson Blyss Alternate title: Night Creatures
The Devil's Agent (Scenes deleted)
The Man Who Finally Died 1963 Dr. Peter von Brecht
The Evil of Frankenstein 1964 Victor Frankenstein
The Gorgon Dr. Namaroff
Dr. Terror's House of Horrors 1965 'Dr. Terror' / Dr. W. R. Schreck
She Maj, Holly
The Skull Dr. Christopher Maitland
Dr. Who and the Daleks Dr. Who
Island of Terror 1966 Dr. Brian Stanley
Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D. Dr. Who
Frankenstein Created Woman 1967 Victor Frankenstein
Night of the Big Heat Dr. Vernon Stone
Torture Garden Lancelot Canning Segment 4: "The Man Who Collected Poe"
Some May Live John Meredith
The Blood Beast Terror 1968 Detective Inspector Quennell
Corruption Sir John Rowan
Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed 1969 Victor Frankenstein
Scream and Scream Again 1970 Major Heinrich Benedek
Incense for the Damned Dr. Walter Goodrich Alternate title: Bloodsuckers
One More Time Dr. Frankenstein (Uncredited role)
The Vampire Lovers General von Spielsdorf
The House That Dripped Blood 1971 Philip Grayson Segment 2: "Waxworks"
Twins of Evil Gustav Weil
I, Monster Frederick Utterson
Tales from the Crypt 1972 Arthur Edward Grimsdyke Segment 3: "Poetic Justice"
Dracula A.D. 1972 Van Helsing
Dr. Phibes Rises Again Captain
Asylum Mr. Smith Segment 2: "The Weird Tailor"
Fear in the Night Michael Carmichael
Horror Express Dr. Wells
Nothing But the Night 1973 Sir Mark Ashley
The Creeping Flesh Emmanuel Hildren
And Now the Screaming Starts! Dr. Pope
The Satanic Rites of Dracula Van Helsing
Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell 1974 Victor Frankenstein
From Beyond the Grave Antique Shop Proprietor
Madhouse Herbert Flay
The Beast Must Die Dr. Christopher Lundgren
The Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires Van Helsing
Tender Dracula MacGregor
Legend of the Werewolf 1975 Professor Paul
The Ghoul Dr. Lawrence Medalla Sitges en Plata de Ley Award for Best Actor
Trial by Combat 1976 Sir Edward Gifford Alternate title: Dirty Knights Work
Land of the Minotaur Baron Corofax Alternate title: The Devil's Men
At the Earth's Core Dr. Abner Perry
Star Wars 1977 Grand Moff Tarkin Nominated: Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
Shock Waves SS Commander Alternate title: Almost Human
The Uncanny Wilbur
Die Standarte (de) Baron von Hackenberg Alternate title: The Standard
Son of Hitler 1978 Heinrich Haussner
Arabian Adventure 1979 Wazir Al Wuzara
A Touch of the Sun Commissioner Potts Alternate title: No Secrets!
Misterio en la isla de los monstruos 1981 William T. Kolderup Alternate title: Mystery on Monster Island
Black Jack Sir Thomas Bedford Alternate title: Asalto al casino
House of the Long Shadows 1983 Sebastian Grisbane Caixa de Catalunya Award for Best Actor

(shared with Vincent Price, Christopher Lee & John Carradine)

Top Secret! 1984 Bookstore Proprietor
Sword of the Valiant Seneschal – Gaspar
Biggles: Adventures in Time 1986 Air Commodore William Raymond

Truyền hình sửa

Phim Năm Vai diễn
Pride and Prejudice 1952 Mr. Darcy TV mini-series (all 6 episodes)
Epitaph for a Spy 1953 Josef Vadassey TV mini-series (all 6 episodes)
You are There Rudolf Hess Season 1, episode 20: "The Escape of Rudolf Hess"
BBC Sunday-Night Theatre 1951–1957 Charles Appleby

Cyril Beverly
Antoine Vanier
Piotr Petrovsky
Seppi Fredericks
Prince Mikhail Alexandrovitch Ouratieff
Beau Brummell
Winston Smith
Dr. John Rollason
Prime Minister
Mr. Manningham

Season 2, episode 48: "Eden End (I)"

Season 3, episode 15: "Bird in Hand"
Season 4, episode 5: "Number Three"
Season 4, episode 25: "The Road"
Season 4, episode 28: "Anastasia"
Season 4, episode 34: "Portrait by Peko"
Season 5, episode 4: "Tovarich"
Season 5, episode 11: "Beau Brummell"
Season 5, episode 50: "Nineteen Eighty-Four"
Season 6, episode 5: "The Creature"
Season 6, episode 10: "The Moment of Truth"
Season 8, episode 2: "Gaslight"

Drama 61-67 1962 Frederick James Parsons Season 2, episode 7: "Drama '62: Peace with Terror"
ITV Television Playhouse Fred Parsons Season 8, episode 3: "Peace with Terror"
The Spread of the Eagle 1963 Cassius TV mini-series
Comedy Playhouse Albert Fawkes Season 3, episode 6 "The Plan"
Story Parade 1964 Elijah Baley Episode: "The Caves of Steel" (unknown season)
Thirty-Minute Theatre 1965 Leonard Season 1, episode 5: "Monica"
The Avengers 1967 Paul Beresford Episode: "Return of the Cybernauts" (season 5, episode 17 or season 6, episode 1)
Sherlock Holmes 1968 Sherlock Holmes All 16 episodes from season 2:

"The Second Strain"
"The Dancing Men"
"A Study in Scarlet"
"The Hound of the Baskervilles (Part 1)"
"The Hound of the Baskervilles (Part 2)"
"The Boscombe Valley Mystery"
"The Greek Interpreter"
"The Naval Treaty"
"Thor Bridge"
"The Musgrave Ritual"
"Black Peter"
"Wisteria Lodge"
"Shoscombe Old Place"
"The Solitary Cyclist"
"The Sign of Four"
"The Blue Carbuncle"

Orson Welles' Great Mysteries 1973 Count Gerard De Merret Season 1, episode 4: "La Grande Breteche"
The Zoo Gang 1974 Judge Gautier Season 1, episode 5: "The Counterfeit Trap"
Space: 1999 1976 Raan Season 1, episode 7: "Missing Link"
Looks Familiar 1 episode – dated ngày 2 tháng 2 năm 1976
The New Avengers Von Claus Season 1, episode 1: "The Eagle's Nest"
Hammer House of Horror 1980 Martin Blueck Season 1, episode 7: "The Silent Scream"
Tales of the Unexpected 1983 Von Baden Season 6, episode 8: "The Vorpal Blade"

Phim truyền hình sửa

Phim Năm Vai diễn
Ghi chú
When We Are Married 1951 Gerald Forbes
If This Be Error 1952 Nick Grant
Asmodée Blaise Lebel
The Silver Swan Lord Henriques
Rookery Nook 1953 Clive Popkiss
The Noble Spaniard Duke of Hermanos
A Social Success Henry Robbins
The Face of Love 1954 Mardian Thersites
Richard of Bordeaux 1955 Richard II
The Browning Version Andrew Crocker-Harris
Home at Seven 1957 David Preston
The Winslow Boy 1958 Sir Robert Morton
Uncle Harry Uncle Harry
Beyond the Water's Edge 1972
The Great Houdini 1976 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
A Tale of Two Cities 1980 Dr. Alexander Manette
Helen Keller: The Miracle Continues 1984 Professor Charles Copeland
The Masks of Death Sherlock Holmes

Tham khảo sửa

Liên kết ngoài sửa