Mở trình đơn chính

Các thay đổi

 
== Nhạc cụ đặc trưng thời Lãng mạn ==
 
==Tham khảo==
* Beard, David, and Kenneth Gloag. 2005. ''Musicology: The Key Concepts''. Cornwall: Routledge.
* Casey, Christopher. 2008. "'Grecian Grandeurs and the Rude Wasting of Old Time': Britain, the Elgin Marbles, and Post-Revolutionary Hellenism". [http://web1.johnshopkins.edu/foundations/wp-content/pdfs/foundations-full-3-1-pdf.pdf ''Foundations'' 3, no. 1]:31–64 (Accessed 24 September 2012).
* Child, Fred. 2006. "Salonen on Sibelius". ''Performance Today''. National Public Radio. [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6565718]
* {{cite web|author=Encyclopædia Britannica |url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9083836 |title=Romanticism |publisher=Britannica.com |date= n.d. |accessdate=2010-08-24}}
* Grunfeld, Frederic V. 1974. ''Music''. New York: Newsweek Books. ISBN 0-88225-101-5 (cloth); ISBN 0882251023 (de luxe).
* Gutek, Gerald Lee. 1995. ''A History of the Western Educational Experience'', second edition. Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waveland Press. ISBN 0881338184.
* Kravitt, Edward F. 1992. "Romanticism Today". ''The Musical Quarterly'' 76, no. 1 (Spring): 93–109.
[http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/741914?uid=3739696&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101694078771]
* Levin, David. 1959. ''History as Romantic Art: Bancroft, Prescott, and Parkman''. Stanford Studies in Language and Literature 20, Stanford: Stanford University Press. Reprinted as A Harbinger Book, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1963. Reprinted, New York: AMS Press, 1967.
* Nichols, Ashton. 2005. "Roaring Alligators and Burning Tygers: Poetry and Science from William Bartram to Charles Darwin". ''Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society'' 149, no. 3:304–15.
* Ottlová, Marta, John Tyrrell, and Milan Pospíšil. 2001. "Smetana, Bedřich [Friedrich]". ''The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians'', second edition, edited by [[Stanley Sadie]] and [[John Tyrrell (professor of music)|John Tyrrell]]. London: Macmillan Publishers.
* Schmidt-Jones, Catherine, and Russell Jones. 2004. ''Introduction to Music Theory''. [Houston, TX]: Connexions Project. ISBN 1-4116-5030-1.
* Young, Percy Marshall. 1967. ''A History of British Music''. London: Benn.
* [[Guido Adler|Adler, Guido]]. 1911. ''Der Stil in der Musik''. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel.
* Adler, Guido. 1919. ''Methode der Musikgeschichte''. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel.
* Adler, Guido. 1930. ''Handbuch der Musikgeschichte'', second, thoroughly revised and greatly expanded edition. 2 vols. Berlin-Wilmersdorf: H. Keller. Reprinted, Tutzing: Schneider, 1961.
* [[Friedrich Blume|Blume, Friedrich]]. 1970. ''Classic and Romantic Music'', translated by M. D. Herter Norton from two essays first published in ''Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart''. New York: W. W. Norton.
* Boyer, Jean-Paul. 1961. "Romantisme". ''Encyclopédie de la musique'', edited by François Michel, with François Lesure and Vladimir Fédorov, 3:585–87. Paris: Fasquelle.
* Cavalletti, Carlo. 2000. ''Chopin and Romantic Music'', translated by Anna Maria Salmeri Pherson. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's Educational Series. (Hardcover) ISBN 0-7641-5136-3 ; ISBN 978-0-7641-5136-1.
* [[Carl Dahlhaus|Dahlhaus, Carl]]. 1979. "Neo-Romanticism". ''19th-Century Music'' 3, no. 2 (November): 97–105.
* Dahlhaus, Carl. 1980. ''Between Romanticism and Modernism: Four Studies in the Music of the Later Nineteenth Century'', translated by Mary Whittall in collaboration with Arnold Whittall; also with Friedrich Nietsche, "On Music and Words", translated by Walter Arnold Kaufmann. California Studies in 19th Century Music 1. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03679-4 (cloth); 0520067487 (pbk). Original German edition, as ''Zwischen Romantik und Moderne: vier Studien zur Musikgeschichte des späteren 19. Jahrhunderts''. Munich: Musikverlag Katzbichler, 1974.
* Dahlhaus, Carl. 1985. ''Realism in Nineteenth-Century Music'', translated by Mary Whittall. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-26115-5 (cloth); ISBN 0-521-27841-4 (pbk). Original German edition, as ''Musikalischer Realismus: zur Musikgeschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts''. Munich: R. Piper, 1982. ISBN 3-492-00539-X.
* Dahlhaus, Carl. 1987. Untitled review of Leon Plantinga, ''Romantic Music: A History of Musical Styles in Nineteenth-Century Europe'' and ''Anthology of Romantic Music'', translated by Ernest Sanders. ''19th Century Music'' 11, no. 2:194–96.
*[[Alfred Einstein|Einstein, Alfred]]. 1947. ''Music in the Romantic Era''. New York: W. W. Norton.
* Geck, Martin. 1998. "Realismus". ''Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Allgemeine Enzyklopädie der Musik begründe von Friedrich Blume'', second, revised edition, edited by Ludwig Finscher. Sachteil 8: Quer–Swi, cols. 91–99. Kassel, Basel, London, New York, Prague: Bärenreiter; Suttgart and Weimar: Metzler. ISBN 3-7618-1109-8 (Bärenreiter); ISBN 3-476-41008-0 (Metzler).
* [[André Grétry|Grétry, André-Ernest-Modeste]]. 1789. ''Mémoires, ou Essai sur la musique''. 3 vols. Paris: Chez l’auteur, de L'Imprimerie de la république, 1789. Second, enlarged edition, Paris: Imprimerie de la république, pluviôse, 1797. Republished, 3 vols., Paris: Verdiere, 1812; Brussels: Whalen, 1829. Facsimile of the 1797 edition, Da Capo Press Music Reprint Series. New York: Da Capo Press, 1971. Facsimile reprint in 1 volume of the 1829 Brussels edition, Bibliotheca musica Bononiensis, Sezione III no. 43. Bologna: Forni Editore, 1978.
* [[Donald Jay Grout|Grout, Donald Jay]]. 1960. ''A History of Western Music''. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
*[[E. T. A. Hoffmann|Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus]]. 1810. "Recension: Sinfonie pour 2 Violons, 2 Violes, Violoncelle e Contre-Violon, 2 Flûtes, petite Flûte, 2 Hautbois, 2 Clarinettes, 2 Bassons, Contrabasson, 2 Cors, 2 Trompettes, Timbales et 3 Trompes, composée et dediée etc. par Louis van Beethoven. à Leipsic, chez Breitkopf et Härtel, Oeuvre 67. No. 5. des Sinfonies. (Pr. 4 Rthlr. 12 Gr.)". ''Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung'' 12, no. 40 (4 July), cols. 630–42 [Der Beschluss folgt.]; 12, no. 41 (11 July), cols. 652–59.
* [[Paul Henry Lang|Lang, Paul Henry]]. 1941. ''Music in Western Civilization''. New York: W. W. Norton.
* Mason, Daniel Gregory. ''The Romantic Composers''. New York: Macmillan, 1936.
* [[Leon Plantinga|Plantinga, Leon]]. 1984. ''Romantic Music: A History of Musical Style in Nineteenth-Century Europe''. A Norton Introduction to Music History. New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-95196-0; ISBN 978-0-393-95196-7.
*[[Charles Rosen|Rosen, Charles]]. 1995. ''The Romantic Generation''. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-77933-9.
* Rummenhöller, Peter. 1989. ''Romantik in der Musik: Analysen, Portraits, Reflexionen''. Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag; Kassel and New York: Bärenreiter.
* Samson, Jim. 2001. "Romanticism". ''The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians'', second edition, edited by [[Stanley Sadie]] and [[John Tyrrell (professor of music)|John Tyrrell]]. London: Macmillan Publishers.
* Spencer, Stewart. 2008. "The 'Romantic Operas' and the Turn to Myth". In ''The Cambridge Companion to Wagner'', edited by Thomas S. Grey, 67–73. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-64299-X (cloth); ISBN 0-521-64439-9 (pbk).
* [[Richard Wagner|Wagner, Richard]]. 1995. ''Opera and Drama'', translated by William Ashton Ellis. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Originally published as volume 2 of ''Richard Wagner's Prose Works'' (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1900), a translation from ''Gesammelte Schriften und Dichtungen'' (Leipzig, 1871–73, 1883).
* Warrack, John. 2002. "Romanticism". ''The Oxford Companion to Music'', edited by Alison Latham. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-866212-2.
* Wehnert, Martin. 1998. "Romantik und romantisch". ''Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart: allgemeine Enzyklopädie der Musik, begründet von Friedrich Blume'', second revised edition. Sachteil 8: Quer–Swi, cols. 464–507. Basel, Kassel, London, Munich, and Prague: Bärenreiter; Stuttgart and Weimar: Metzler.
 
==Liên kết ngoài==
* [http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/romantic.html Music of the Romantic Era]
* [http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-rom.htm The Romantic Era]
* [http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/eras/romantic.html Era on line]
197.096

lần sửa đổi